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Associations of circadian eating pattern and diet quality with substantial postpartum weight retention

Associations of circadian eating pattern and diet quality with substantial postpartum weight retention
Associations of circadian eating pattern and diet quality with substantial postpartum weight retention
Besides food quantity and quality, food timing and frequency may contribute to weight regulation. It is unclear if these factors during pregnancy can influence maternal weight retention after childbirth. We thus aimed to examine the associations of maternal circadian eating pattern and diet quality in pregnancy with substantial postpartum weight retention (PPWR) at 18 months in an Asian cohort. We assessed circadian eating pattern and diet quality of 687 women using 24-h dietary recalls at 26–28 weeks’ gestation. We calculated PPWR by subtracting maternal weight in the first trimester from weight at 18-month postpartum and defined substantial PPWR as ≥5 kg weight retention. Multivariable binary logistic regression was performed. Overall, 16% of women had substantial PPWR. After the confounders adjustment, night eating, defined by greater night-time caloric intake (odds ratio 1.95; 95% confidence interval 1.05, 3.62), and lower diet quality, classified by median score of the Healthy Eating Index (1.91; 1.17, 3.10), were independently associated with higher odds of substantial PPWR. No associations with substantial PPWR were observed for night fasting duration and number of eating episodes. In conclusion, alignment of eating time with day–night cycles and diet quality during pregnancy may play a role in PPWR, with possible implications for long-term obesity risk
2072-6643
2686
Loy, See Ling
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Cheung, Yin Bun
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Colega, Marjorelee T.
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Chia, Airu
e9418079-22b3-4ea3-b13f-6b63105a7295
Han, C.Y.
43642084-65bd-4d18-90bf-a56fb666ea03
Godfrey, Keith
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Chong, Yap-Seng
7043124b-e892-4d4b-8bb7-6d35ed94e136
Shek, Lynette P.
9a77403c-0e0c-4536-a5ad-628ce94b279a
Tan, Kok Hian
672ae6c4-d4c8-4b1b-8512-efec36431503
Lek, Ngee
517c4b9b-b6c9-4625-9db4-fd2b228b1755
Chan, Jerry Kok Yen
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Chong, Mary Foong-Fong
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Yap, Fabian
22f6b954-31fc-4696-a52b-e985a424b95b
Loy, See Ling
6fd10b64-1de2-419e-a5f4-b505be233e6e
Cheung, Yin Bun
c9beaf35-87d8-47f0-b41e-729e7820f991
Colega, Marjorelee T.
75c5e6c9-9b67-46b9-90e6-e63632163ed8
Chia, Airu
e9418079-22b3-4ea3-b13f-6b63105a7295
Han, C.Y.
43642084-65bd-4d18-90bf-a56fb666ea03
Godfrey, Keith
0931701e-fe2c-44b5-8f0d-ec5c7477a6fd
Chong, Yap-Seng
7043124b-e892-4d4b-8bb7-6d35ed94e136
Shek, Lynette P.
9a77403c-0e0c-4536-a5ad-628ce94b279a
Tan, Kok Hian
672ae6c4-d4c8-4b1b-8512-efec36431503
Lek, Ngee
517c4b9b-b6c9-4625-9db4-fd2b228b1755
Chan, Jerry Kok Yen
42e59d61-c3d1-486b-b33a-22c4645acf12
Chong, Mary Foong-Fong
1e188259-b1ab-4448-9e65-5b6a0fd99502
Yap, Fabian
22f6b954-31fc-4696-a52b-e985a424b95b

Loy, See Ling, Cheung, Yin Bun, Colega, Marjorelee T., Chia, Airu, Han, C.Y., Godfrey, Keith, Chong, Yap-Seng, Shek, Lynette P., Tan, Kok Hian, Lek, Ngee, Chan, Jerry Kok Yen, Chong, Mary Foong-Fong and Yap, Fabian (2019) Associations of circadian eating pattern and diet quality with substantial postpartum weight retention. Nutrients, 11 (11), 2686. (doi:10.3390/nu11112686).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Besides food quantity and quality, food timing and frequency may contribute to weight regulation. It is unclear if these factors during pregnancy can influence maternal weight retention after childbirth. We thus aimed to examine the associations of maternal circadian eating pattern and diet quality in pregnancy with substantial postpartum weight retention (PPWR) at 18 months in an Asian cohort. We assessed circadian eating pattern and diet quality of 687 women using 24-h dietary recalls at 26–28 weeks’ gestation. We calculated PPWR by subtracting maternal weight in the first trimester from weight at 18-month postpartum and defined substantial PPWR as ≥5 kg weight retention. Multivariable binary logistic regression was performed. Overall, 16% of women had substantial PPWR. After the confounders adjustment, night eating, defined by greater night-time caloric intake (odds ratio 1.95; 95% confidence interval 1.05, 3.62), and lower diet quality, classified by median score of the Healthy Eating Index (1.91; 1.17, 3.10), were independently associated with higher odds of substantial PPWR. No associations with substantial PPWR were observed for night fasting duration and number of eating episodes. In conclusion, alignment of eating time with day–night cycles and diet quality during pregnancy may play a role in PPWR, with possible implications for long-term obesity risk

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Accepted/In Press date: 4 November 2019
Published date: 6 November 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 435622
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/435622
ISSN: 2072-6643
PURE UUID: 8ce908ac-d960-4f9f-86b4-5fa00dd729e1
ORCID for Keith Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

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Date deposited: 14 Nov 2019 17:30
Last modified: 22 Nov 2021 02:36

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Contributors

Author: See Ling Loy
Author: Yin Bun Cheung
Author: Marjorelee T. Colega
Author: Airu Chia
Author: C.Y. Han
Author: Keith Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: Yap-Seng Chong
Author: Lynette P. Shek
Author: Kok Hian Tan
Author: Ngee Lek
Author: Jerry Kok Yen Chan
Author: Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Author: Fabian Yap

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