The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Selective effects of errorful generation on recognition memory: the role of motivation and surprise

Selective effects of errorful generation on recognition memory: the role of motivation and surprise
Selective effects of errorful generation on recognition memory: the role of motivation and surprise
The current research examined the effects of errorful generation on memory, focusing particularly on the roles of motivation and surprise. In two experiments, participants were first presented with photographs of faces and were asked to associate four facts with each photograph. On Generate trials, the participants guessed two of the facts (Guess targets) before those correct facts, and another two correct facts (Study targets), were revealed. On the remaining Read trials, all four facts were presented without a guessing stage. In Experiment 1, participants also ranked their motivation to know the answers before they were revealed, or their surprise on learning the true answers. Guess targets were subsequently better recognised than the concurrently presented, non-guessed Study targets. Guess targets were also better recognised than Read targets, and recognition of Study and Read targets did not differ. Errorful generation also increased self-reported motivation, but not surprise. Experiment 2 showed that the results of Experiment 1 can outlive a 20-minute delay, and that they generalise to a more challenging recognition test. Together, the results suggest that errorful generation improves memory specifically for the guessed fact, and this may be linked to an increase in motivation to learn that fact.
Errors, motivation, surprise, memory, education
0965-8211
1250-1262
Seabrooke, Tina
bf0d9ea5-8cf7-494b-9707-891762fce6c3
Mitchell, Chris J.
348942ac-ea98-494d-ba4c-21e85273575a
Wills, Andy J.
ac3dacc2-7918-47e9-9b4f-bbfde29a4ebf
Waters, Jessica L.
2cb86ef0-0eb7-4cba-8224-fde2ec944ee3
Hollins, Timothy J.
6717fa83-d36f-4b16-b5f8-129478f6ac50
Seabrooke, Tina
bf0d9ea5-8cf7-494b-9707-891762fce6c3
Mitchell, Chris J.
348942ac-ea98-494d-ba4c-21e85273575a
Wills, Andy J.
ac3dacc2-7918-47e9-9b4f-bbfde29a4ebf
Waters, Jessica L.
2cb86ef0-0eb7-4cba-8224-fde2ec944ee3
Hollins, Timothy J.
6717fa83-d36f-4b16-b5f8-129478f6ac50

Seabrooke, Tina, Mitchell, Chris J., Wills, Andy J., Waters, Jessica L. and Hollins, Timothy J. (2019) Selective effects of errorful generation on recognition memory: the role of motivation and surprise. Memory, 27 (9), 1250-1262. (doi:10.1080/09658211.2019.1647247).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The current research examined the effects of errorful generation on memory, focusing particularly on the roles of motivation and surprise. In two experiments, participants were first presented with photographs of faces and were asked to associate four facts with each photograph. On Generate trials, the participants guessed two of the facts (Guess targets) before those correct facts, and another two correct facts (Study targets), were revealed. On the remaining Read trials, all four facts were presented without a guessing stage. In Experiment 1, participants also ranked their motivation to know the answers before they were revealed, or their surprise on learning the true answers. Guess targets were subsequently better recognised than the concurrently presented, non-guessed Study targets. Guess targets were also better recognised than Read targets, and recognition of Study and Read targets did not differ. Errorful generation also increased self-reported motivation, but not surprise. Experiment 2 showed that the results of Experiment 1 can outlive a 20-minute delay, and that they generalise to a more challenging recognition test. Together, the results suggest that errorful generation improves memory specifically for the guessed fact, and this may be linked to an increase in motivation to learn that fact.

Text
Selective effects of errorful generation on recognition memory the role of motivation and surprise - Version of Record
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (1MB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 16 July 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 1 August 2019
Published date: 21 October 2019
Keywords: Errors, motivation, surprise, memory, education

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 435854
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/435854
ISSN: 0965-8211
PURE UUID: ca653c0e-532d-446e-bd9c-dd6a8aaa6da7
ORCID for Tina Seabrooke: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4119-8389

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 21 Nov 2019 17:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 03:20

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Tina Seabrooke ORCID iD
Author: Chris J. Mitchell
Author: Andy J. Wills
Author: Jessica L. Waters
Author: Timothy J. Hollins

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×