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Data from: Clitellate worms (Annelida) in lateglacial and Holocene sedimentary DNA records from the Polar Urals and northern Norway

Data from: Clitellate worms (Annelida) in lateglacial and Holocene sedimentary DNA records from the Polar Urals and northern Norway
Data from: Clitellate worms (Annelida) in lateglacial and Holocene sedimentary DNA records from the Polar Urals and northern Norway
While there are extensive macro- and microfossil records of a range of plants and animals from Quaternary records, earthworms and their close relatives among annelids are not preserved as fossils, and therefore we have limited knowledge of their Quaternary distributions. This lack of fossils means that clitellate worms (Annelida) are currently underused in palaeoecological research, even though they can provide valuable information about terrestrial and aquatic environmental conditions. Their DNA might be preserved in sediments, which offers an alternative method for detection. Here we analyse lacustrine sediments from lakes in the Polar Urals, Arctic Russia, covering the period 24,000-1,300 cal. years BP, and NE Norway (10,700-3,300 cal. years BP) using a universal mammal 16S rDNA marker. While mammals were recorded using the marker (reindeer was detected twice in the Polar Urals core at 23,000 and 14,000 cal. years BP, and four times in the Norwegian core at 11,000 cal. years BP and between 3,600-3,300 cal. years BP), worm extracellular DNA “bycatch” was rather high. In this paper we present the first reported worm detection from ancient DNA. Our results demonstrate that both aquatic and terrestrial clitellates can be identified in late-Quaternary lacustrine sediments, and the ecological information retrievable from this group warrants further research with a more targeted approach.
Polar Urals, Norway, Quaternary, Mammalia, ancient DNA, environmental DNA, Russia, Clitellata, clitellates, Varanger, Arctic, metabarcoding
Dryad Digital Repository
Lammers, Youri
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Clarke, Charlotte
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Erséus, Christer
367907f1-96aa-4bff-9b3f-188fab72f110
Brown, Antony
c51f9d3e-02b0-47da-a483-41c354e78fab
Edwards, Mary
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Gielly, Ludovic
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Haflidason, Haflidi
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Mangerud, Jan
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Rota, Emilia
cb2cf243-963e-46b9-b2d6-01c81ba15dc4
Svendsen, John Inge
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Alsos, Inger Greve
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Lammers, Youri
c71f60ba-9ac1-4a58-900d-0679c5ba0eea
Clarke, Charlotte
68afb5e9-7966-4b54-9549-47c49e350f6c
Erséus, Christer
367907f1-96aa-4bff-9b3f-188fab72f110
Brown, Antony
c51f9d3e-02b0-47da-a483-41c354e78fab
Edwards, Mary
4b6a3389-f3a4-4933-b8fd-acdfef72200e
Gielly, Ludovic
c9ec92d2-934f-4e0a-9666-c7d8b3e9053a
Haflidason, Haflidi
c1a02b7e-0355-4e05-bbbc-b9293527fda9
Mangerud, Jan
fcf45e64-071e-4757-8747-b88fb0bf3b1e
Rota, Emilia
cb2cf243-963e-46b9-b2d6-01c81ba15dc4
Svendsen, John Inge
9ce3f9aa-6eba-4134-be7d-08e1e350789f
Alsos, Inger Greve
88244b90-b66f-4271-9064-db0544dec568

Lammers, Youri, Clarke, Charlotte, Erséus, Christer, Brown, Antony, Edwards, Mary, Gielly, Ludovic, Haflidason, Haflidi, Mangerud, Jan, Rota, Emilia, Svendsen, John Inge and Alsos, Inger Greve (2018) Data from: Clitellate worms (Annelida) in lateglacial and Holocene sedimentary DNA records from the Polar Urals and northern Norway. Dryad Digital Repository doi:10.5061/DRYAD.G0F4HV0 [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

While there are extensive macro- and microfossil records of a range of plants and animals from Quaternary records, earthworms and their close relatives among annelids are not preserved as fossils, and therefore we have limited knowledge of their Quaternary distributions. This lack of fossils means that clitellate worms (Annelida) are currently underused in palaeoecological research, even though they can provide valuable information about terrestrial and aquatic environmental conditions. Their DNA might be preserved in sediments, which offers an alternative method for detection. Here we analyse lacustrine sediments from lakes in the Polar Urals, Arctic Russia, covering the period 24,000-1,300 cal. years BP, and NE Norway (10,700-3,300 cal. years BP) using a universal mammal 16S rDNA marker. While mammals were recorded using the marker (reindeer was detected twice in the Polar Urals core at 23,000 and 14,000 cal. years BP, and four times in the Norwegian core at 11,000 cal. years BP and between 3,600-3,300 cal. years BP), worm extracellular DNA “bycatch” was rather high. In this paper we present the first reported worm detection from ancient DNA. Our results demonstrate that both aquatic and terrestrial clitellates can be identified in late-Quaternary lacustrine sediments, and the ecological information retrievable from this group warrants further research with a more targeted approach.

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More information

Published date: 2018
Keywords: Polar Urals, Norway, Quaternary, Mammalia, ancient DNA, environmental DNA, Russia, Clitellata, clitellates, Varanger, Arctic, metabarcoding

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 436502
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/436502
PURE UUID: f3bb0c44-6f44-4dc4-83ce-01522dc15fca
ORCID for Antony Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1990-4654
ORCID for Mary Edwards: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3490-6682

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Dec 2019 17:31
Last modified: 12 Dec 2019 01:36

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Contributors

Creator: Youri Lammers
Creator: Charlotte Clarke
Creator: Christer Erséus
Creator: Antony Brown ORCID iD
Creator: Mary Edwards ORCID iD
Creator: Ludovic Gielly
Creator: Haflidi Haflidason
Creator: Jan Mangerud
Creator: Emilia Rota
Creator: John Inge Svendsen
Creator: Inger Greve Alsos

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