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Differences in use without deficiencies in competence: passives in the Turkish and German of Turkish heritage speakers in Germany

Differences in use without deficiencies in competence: passives in the Turkish and German of Turkish heritage speakers in Germany
Differences in use without deficiencies in competence: passives in the Turkish and German of Turkish heritage speakers in Germany
Determining how and why adult outcomes of heritage speaker (HS) bilingualism differ from monolinguals is difficult because it requires the reconstruction of developmental paths from end-state data. In an effort to address this issue, we examine HSs of Turkish in Germany at an early age of development (10–15 years old, n = 22), as well as age-matched monolingual controls in Turkey (n = 20) and Germany (n = 20), using a structured elicitation task for production of passives. The goal is to see whether HSs have the representation of passives in their mental grammars and to better understand the relative weight of factors (age at time of testing, immigration status of the Turkish parents (first or second generation), and literacy in the L1) that potentially contribute to the formation of HSs’ grammatical competence. The results show that all HSs have the underlying representation for passives in both Turkish and German. There was a significant effect of only literacy; high level of L1 literacy has a positive effect on monolingual-like production as compared to those with no literacy. We discuss these results pertaining to explicating ultimate attainment outcomes in heritage language acquisition in relation to larger debates in the field.
1367-0050
919-939
Bayram, Fatih
cbf53550-6bf7-4df3-b8d3-9066e841b6a1
Rothman, Jason
f111b6cb-c90b-479d-a82a-57ad06f4dcfa
Iverson, Michael
c7a314ab-981a-4372-b19a-26391408ff16
Kupisch, Tanja
b8e0eb00-12b6-4f25-af39-2703eea695e1
Miller, David
970717a8-2ec9-485f-b0dd-835dfd1b55b0
Puig-Mayenco, Eloi
db808aca-7d03-4584-bfff-c908b86e8bfe
Westergaard, Marit
5e776519-58a7-4ef6-a55e-6eae695e1510
Bayram, Fatih
cbf53550-6bf7-4df3-b8d3-9066e841b6a1
Rothman, Jason
f111b6cb-c90b-479d-a82a-57ad06f4dcfa
Iverson, Michael
c7a314ab-981a-4372-b19a-26391408ff16
Kupisch, Tanja
b8e0eb00-12b6-4f25-af39-2703eea695e1
Miller, David
970717a8-2ec9-485f-b0dd-835dfd1b55b0
Puig-Mayenco, Eloi
db808aca-7d03-4584-bfff-c908b86e8bfe
Westergaard, Marit
5e776519-58a7-4ef6-a55e-6eae695e1510

Bayram, Fatih, Rothman, Jason, Iverson, Michael, Kupisch, Tanja, Miller, David, Puig-Mayenco, Eloi and Westergaard, Marit (2017) Differences in use without deficiencies in competence: passives in the Turkish and German of Turkish heritage speakers in Germany. International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, 22 (8), 919-939. (doi:10.1080/13670050.2017.1324403).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Determining how and why adult outcomes of heritage speaker (HS) bilingualism differ from monolinguals is difficult because it requires the reconstruction of developmental paths from end-state data. In an effort to address this issue, we examine HSs of Turkish in Germany at an early age of development (10–15 years old, n = 22), as well as age-matched monolingual controls in Turkey (n = 20) and Germany (n = 20), using a structured elicitation task for production of passives. The goal is to see whether HSs have the representation of passives in their mental grammars and to better understand the relative weight of factors (age at time of testing, immigration status of the Turkish parents (first or second generation), and literacy in the L1) that potentially contribute to the formation of HSs’ grammatical competence. The results show that all HSs have the underlying representation for passives in both Turkish and German. There was a significant effect of only literacy; high level of L1 literacy has a positive effect on monolingual-like production as compared to those with no literacy. We discuss these results pertaining to explicating ultimate attainment outcomes in heritage language acquisition in relation to larger debates in the field.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 23 April 2017
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 May 2017
Published date: 27 May 2017

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 436702
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/436702
ISSN: 1367-0050
PURE UUID: 154c1ba9-7cb0-4301-b295-c27b43416597

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Date deposited: 03 Jan 2020 11:01
Last modified: 04 Feb 2020 18:02

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Contributors

Author: Fatih Bayram
Author: Jason Rothman
Author: Michael Iverson
Author: Tanja Kupisch
Author: David Miller
Author: Eloi Puig-Mayenco
Author: Marit Westergaard

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