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Developing interventions to improve health: a systematic mapping review of international practice between 2015 and 2016

Developing interventions to improve health: a systematic mapping review of international practice between 2015 and 2016
Developing interventions to improve health: a systematic mapping review of international practice between 2015 and 2016
Background
Researchers publish the processes they use to develop interventions to improve health. Reflecting on this endeavour may help future developers to improve their practice.

Methods
Our aim was to collate, describe and analyse the actions developers take when developing complex interventions to improve health. We carried out a systematic mapping review of empirical research studies that report the development of complex interventions to improve health. A search was undertaken of five databases over 2015-2016 using the term ‘intervention dev*’. Eighty seven journal articles reporting the process of intervention development were identified. A purposive subset of 30 articles, using a range of published approaches to developing interventions, was selected for in-depth analysis using principles of realist synthesis to identify the actions of intervention development and rationales underpinning those actions.

Results
The 87 articles were from the USA (39/87), UK (32/87), continental Europe (6/87), and the rest of the world (10/87). These mainly took: a pragmatic self-selected approach (n=43); a theory and evidence based approach e.g. Intervention Mapping, Behaviour Change Wheel (n=22); or a partnership approach e.g. Community Based Participatory Research, co-design (n=10). Ten actions of intervention development were identified from the subset of 30 articles, including: identifying a need for an intervention, selecting the intervention development approach to follow, considering the needs of the target population, reviewing published evidence, involving stakeholders, drawing or generating theory, and designing and refining the intervention. Rationales for these actions were that they would produce more engaging, acceptable, feasible and effective interventions.

Conclusions
Developers take a variety of approaches to the international endeavour of complex intervention development. We have identified and described a set of actions taken within this endeavour regardless of whether developers follow a published approach or not. Future developers can use these actions and the rationales that underpin them to help them make decisions about the process of intervention development. PROSPERO registration: CRD42017080545
Complex intervention, intervention development, systematic mapping review
2055-5784
1-13
Croot, Liz
6a7122e5-5491-4c4a-94f7-6be24d84f3a9
O'Cathain, Alicia
2fa113fb-2028-4cfb-84e2-2c2fdacce907
Sworn, Katie
2bf35fd4-8c43-4cee-b4a6-68e23dd8e123
Yardley, Lucy
64be42c4-511d-484d-abaa-f8813452a22e
Turner, Katrina
c76bab80-e780-4c3e-ab29-88fbfd914bad
Duncan, Edward
b99e5495-4a42-48d7-894f-c1004feda176
Hoddinott, Pat
d0ad946c-3bc1-4a35-b8fc-4fe7efc3d834
Croot, Liz
6a7122e5-5491-4c4a-94f7-6be24d84f3a9
O'Cathain, Alicia
2fa113fb-2028-4cfb-84e2-2c2fdacce907
Sworn, Katie
2bf35fd4-8c43-4cee-b4a6-68e23dd8e123
Yardley, Lucy
64be42c4-511d-484d-abaa-f8813452a22e
Turner, Katrina
c76bab80-e780-4c3e-ab29-88fbfd914bad
Duncan, Edward
b99e5495-4a42-48d7-894f-c1004feda176
Hoddinott, Pat
d0ad946c-3bc1-4a35-b8fc-4fe7efc3d834

Croot, Liz, O'Cathain, Alicia, Sworn, Katie, Yardley, Lucy, Turner, Katrina, Duncan, Edward and Hoddinott, Pat (2019) Developing interventions to improve health: a systematic mapping review of international practice between 2015 and 2016. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 5 (127), 1-13, [127]. (doi:10.1186/s40814-019-0512-8).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background
Researchers publish the processes they use to develop interventions to improve health. Reflecting on this endeavour may help future developers to improve their practice.

Methods
Our aim was to collate, describe and analyse the actions developers take when developing complex interventions to improve health. We carried out a systematic mapping review of empirical research studies that report the development of complex interventions to improve health. A search was undertaken of five databases over 2015-2016 using the term ‘intervention dev*’. Eighty seven journal articles reporting the process of intervention development were identified. A purposive subset of 30 articles, using a range of published approaches to developing interventions, was selected for in-depth analysis using principles of realist synthesis to identify the actions of intervention development and rationales underpinning those actions.

Results
The 87 articles were from the USA (39/87), UK (32/87), continental Europe (6/87), and the rest of the world (10/87). These mainly took: a pragmatic self-selected approach (n=43); a theory and evidence based approach e.g. Intervention Mapping, Behaviour Change Wheel (n=22); or a partnership approach e.g. Community Based Participatory Research, co-design (n=10). Ten actions of intervention development were identified from the subset of 30 articles, including: identifying a need for an intervention, selecting the intervention development approach to follow, considering the needs of the target population, reviewing published evidence, involving stakeholders, drawing or generating theory, and designing and refining the intervention. Rationales for these actions were that they would produce more engaging, acceptable, feasible and effective interventions.

Conclusions
Developers take a variety of approaches to the international endeavour of complex intervention development. We have identified and described a set of actions taken within this endeavour regardless of whether developers follow a published approach or not. Future developers can use these actions and the rationales that underpin them to help them make decisions about the process of intervention development. PROSPERO registration: CRD42017080545

Text
Developing interventions to improve health_CROOT_Pilot and Feas Studies - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 15 October 2019
Published date: 8 November 2019
Keywords: Complex intervention, intervention development, systematic mapping review

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 436712
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/436712
ISSN: 2055-5784
PURE UUID: 02fb84ec-cc5a-4414-8fb4-0f4047ad7594
ORCID for Lucy Yardley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3853-883X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 03 Jan 2020 11:01
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:42

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Contributors

Author: Liz Croot
Author: Alicia O'Cathain
Author: Katie Sworn
Author: Lucy Yardley ORCID iD
Author: Katrina Turner
Author: Edward Duncan
Author: Pat Hoddinott

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