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Economic value of cultural ecosystem services from recreation in Popa Mountain National Park, Myanmar: a comparison of two valuation techniques

Economic value of cultural ecosystem services from recreation in Popa Mountain National Park, Myanmar: a comparison of two valuation techniques
Economic value of cultural ecosystem services from recreation in Popa Mountain National Park, Myanmar: a comparison of two valuation techniques
Protected areas offer diverse ecosystem services, including cultural services related to recreation, which contribute manifold to human wellbeing and the economy. However, multiple pressures from other human activities often compromise ecosystem service delivery from protected areas. It is thus fundamental for effective management to understand the recreational values and visitor behaviors in such areas. This paper undertakes a rapid assessment of the economic value of cultural ecosystem services related to recreation in a national park in Myanmar using two valuation techniques, the individual travel cost method (TCM) and the Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment (TESSA v.1.2). We focus on the Popa Mountain National Park, a protected area visited by approximately 800,000 domestic and 25,000 international tourists annually. Individual TCM estimates that each domestic visitor spent USD 20–24 per trip, and the total annual recreational value contributed by these visitors was estimated at USD 16.1–19.6 million (USD 916–1111 ha−1). TESSA estimated the annual recreational expenditure from domestic and international visitors at USD 15.1 million (USD 858 ha−1) and USD 5.04 million (USD 286 ha−1), respectively. Both methods may be employed as practical approaches to assess the recreational values of protected areas (and other land uses with recreational value), and they have rather complementary approaches. We recommend that both techniques be combined into a single survey protocol.
2009-2415
Wai Soe Zin,
16a3c2a5-1ba5-4531-aac2-fa9320ed344c
Suzuki, Aya
390b174c-def0-4419-8db0-75cd7374b51c
Peh, Kelvin S.-H.
0bd60207-dad8-43fb-a84a-a15e09b024cc
Gasparatos, Alexandros
7449f5ac-f209-4fa1-808e-dae7c550de9d
Wai Soe Zin,
16a3c2a5-1ba5-4531-aac2-fa9320ed344c
Suzuki, Aya
390b174c-def0-4419-8db0-75cd7374b51c
Peh, Kelvin S.-H.
0bd60207-dad8-43fb-a84a-a15e09b024cc
Gasparatos, Alexandros
7449f5ac-f209-4fa1-808e-dae7c550de9d

Wai Soe Zin, , Suzuki, Aya, Peh, Kelvin S.-H. and Gasparatos, Alexandros (2019) Economic value of cultural ecosystem services from recreation in Popa Mountain National Park, Myanmar: a comparison of two valuation techniques. Land, 8 (12), [194]. (doi:10.3390/land8120194).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Protected areas offer diverse ecosystem services, including cultural services related to recreation, which contribute manifold to human wellbeing and the economy. However, multiple pressures from other human activities often compromise ecosystem service delivery from protected areas. It is thus fundamental for effective management to understand the recreational values and visitor behaviors in such areas. This paper undertakes a rapid assessment of the economic value of cultural ecosystem services related to recreation in a national park in Myanmar using two valuation techniques, the individual travel cost method (TCM) and the Toolkit for Ecosystem Service Site-based Assessment (TESSA v.1.2). We focus on the Popa Mountain National Park, a protected area visited by approximately 800,000 domestic and 25,000 international tourists annually. Individual TCM estimates that each domestic visitor spent USD 20–24 per trip, and the total annual recreational value contributed by these visitors was estimated at USD 16.1–19.6 million (USD 916–1111 ha−1). TESSA estimated the annual recreational expenditure from domestic and international visitors at USD 15.1 million (USD 858 ha−1) and USD 5.04 million (USD 286 ha−1), respectively. Both methods may be employed as practical approaches to assess the recreational values of protected areas (and other land uses with recreational value), and they have rather complementary approaches. We recommend that both techniques be combined into a single survey protocol.

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Accepted/In Press date: 12 December 2019
Published date: 14 December 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 436809
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/436809
ISSN: 2009-2415
PURE UUID: e6373de1-85d6-4fad-9844-42814d12b8d0
ORCID for Kelvin S.-H. Peh: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2921-1341

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Date deposited: 10 Jan 2020 17:30
Last modified: 22 Nov 2021 03:03

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Contributors

Author: Wai Soe Zin
Author: Aya Suzuki
Author: Alexandros Gasparatos

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