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Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health: Insights from the GUSTO study

Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health: Insights from the GUSTO study
Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health: Insights from the GUSTO study
Maternal and child health are intrinsically linked. With accumulating evidence over the past two decades supporting the developmental origins of health and diseases hypothesis, it is now widely recognised that nutrition in the first 1000 d sets the foundation for long-term health. Maternal diet before, during and after pregnancy can influence the developmental pathways of the fetus and lead to health consequences later in life. While maternal and infant mortality rates have declined significantly in the past two decades, the growing burden of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases in women of reproductive age and children is on a rapid rise worldwide, in developed and developing countries. A key contributory factor is malnutrition, which is a consequence of consuming poor quality diets. Suboptimal macronutrient balance and micronutrient inadequacies can lead to undesirable maternal body composition and metabolism, in turn influencing the health of the mother and leading to longer-term metabolic and cognitive health consequences in the infant. The GUSTO (Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes) study, a mother–offspring multi-ethnic cohort study in Singapore, has contributed to this body of evidence over the past 10 years. This review will illustrate how nutritional epidemiological research through a birth cohort has illuminated the importance and urgency of maternal and child nutrition and health in a modern, industrialised setting. It underscores the importance of a number of critical nutrients during pregnancy, in combination with healthy dietary patterns and appropriate meal timing, for optimal maternal and child health.
Child health, Maternal health, Perinatal diet
0029-6651
253-258
Chong, Mary Foong-Fong
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Godfrey, Keith
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Gluckman, Peter
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Tan, Kok Hian
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Shek, Lynette P.
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Meaney, Michael
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Chan, Jerry Kok Yen
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Yap, Fabian
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Lee, Yung Seng
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Chong, Yap-Seng
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Chong, Mary Foong-Fong
1e188259-b1ab-4448-9e65-5b6a0fd99502
Godfrey, Keith
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Gluckman, Peter
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Tan, Kok Hian
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Shek, Lynette P.
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Meaney, Michael
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Chan, Jerry Kok Yen
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Yap, Fabian
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Lee, Yung Seng
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Chong, Yap-Seng
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Chong, Mary Foong-Fong, Godfrey, Keith, Gluckman, Peter, Tan, Kok Hian, Shek, Lynette P., Meaney, Michael, Chan, Jerry Kok Yen, Yap, Fabian, Lee, Yung Seng and Chong, Yap-Seng (2020) Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health: Insights from the GUSTO study. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society, 79 (3), 253-258. (doi:10.1017/S0029665119001526).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Maternal and child health are intrinsically linked. With accumulating evidence over the past two decades supporting the developmental origins of health and diseases hypothesis, it is now widely recognised that nutrition in the first 1000 d sets the foundation for long-term health. Maternal diet before, during and after pregnancy can influence the developmental pathways of the fetus and lead to health consequences later in life. While maternal and infant mortality rates have declined significantly in the past two decades, the growing burden of obesity and chronic non-communicable diseases in women of reproductive age and children is on a rapid rise worldwide, in developed and developing countries. A key contributory factor is malnutrition, which is a consequence of consuming poor quality diets. Suboptimal macronutrient balance and micronutrient inadequacies can lead to undesirable maternal body composition and metabolism, in turn influencing the health of the mother and leading to longer-term metabolic and cognitive health consequences in the infant. The GUSTO (Growing Up in Singapore Towards healthy Outcomes) study, a mother–offspring multi-ethnic cohort study in Singapore, has contributed to this body of evidence over the past 10 years. This review will illustrate how nutritional epidemiological research through a birth cohort has illuminated the importance and urgency of maternal and child nutrition and health in a modern, industrialised setting. It underscores the importance of a number of critical nutrients during pregnancy, in combination with healthy dietary patterns and appropriate meal timing, for optimal maternal and child health.

Text
Influences of the perinatal diet on maternal and child health_Silver Medal Lecture conference proceedings_v2 - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 18 December 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 January 2020
Keywords: Child health, Maternal health, Perinatal diet

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 436835
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/436835
ISSN: 0029-6651
PURE UUID: 728798cb-7096-4b5f-b7e2-4b4a70982751
ORCID for Keith Godfrey: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4643-0618

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 10 Jan 2020 17:34
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 06:13

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Contributors

Author: Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Author: Keith Godfrey ORCID iD
Author: Peter Gluckman
Author: Kok Hian Tan
Author: Lynette P. Shek
Author: Michael Meaney
Author: Jerry Kok Yen Chan
Author: Fabian Yap
Author: Yung Seng Lee
Author: Yap-Seng Chong

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