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Mechanistic insights into host adaptation, virulence and epidemiology of the phytopathogen Xanthomonas

Mechanistic insights into host adaptation, virulence and epidemiology of the phytopathogen Xanthomonas
Mechanistic insights into host adaptation, virulence and epidemiology of the phytopathogen Xanthomonas
Xanthomonas is a well-studied genus of bacterial plant pathogens whose members cause a variety of diseases in economically important crops worldwide. Genomic and functional studies of these phytopathogens have provided significant understanding of microbial-host interactions, bacterial virulence and host adaptation mechanisms including microbial ecology and epidemiology. In addition, several strains of Xanthomonas are important as producers of the extracellular polysaccharide, xanthan, used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. This polymer has also been implicated in several phases of the bacterial disease cycle. In this review, we summarise the current knowledge on the infection strategies and regulatory networks controlling virulence and adaptation mechanisms from Xanthomonas species and discuss the novel opportunities that this body of work has provided for disease control and plant health.
adaptation, biofilm, extracellular polysaccharides, plant disease, regulatory circuits, type III effectors
0168-6445
1-32
An, Shi-Qi
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Potnis, Neha
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Dow, Max
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Vorhölter, Frank-Jörg
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He, Yong-Qiang
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Becker, Anke
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Teper, Doron
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Li, Yi
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Wang, Nian
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Bleris, Leonidas
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Tang, Ji-Liang
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An, Shi-Qi
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Potnis, Neha
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Dow, Max
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Vorhölter, Frank-Jörg
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He, Yong-Qiang
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Becker, Anke
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Teper, Doron
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Li, Yi
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Wang, Nian
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Bleris, Leonidas
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Tang, Ji-Liang
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An, Shi-Qi, Potnis, Neha, Dow, Max, Vorhölter, Frank-Jörg, He, Yong-Qiang, Becker, Anke, Teper, Doron, Li, Yi, Wang, Nian, Bleris, Leonidas and Tang, Ji-Liang (2020) Mechanistic insights into host adaptation, virulence and epidemiology of the phytopathogen Xanthomonas. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 44 (1), 1-32. (doi:10.1093/femsre/fuz024).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Xanthomonas is a well-studied genus of bacterial plant pathogens whose members cause a variety of diseases in economically important crops worldwide. Genomic and functional studies of these phytopathogens have provided significant understanding of microbial-host interactions, bacterial virulence and host adaptation mechanisms including microbial ecology and epidemiology. In addition, several strains of Xanthomonas are important as producers of the extracellular polysaccharide, xanthan, used in the food and pharmaceutical industries. This polymer has also been implicated in several phases of the bacterial disease cycle. In this review, we summarise the current knowledge on the infection strategies and regulatory networks controlling virulence and adaptation mechanisms from Xanthomonas species and discuss the novel opportunities that this body of work has provided for disease control and plant health.

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Accepted/In Press date: 29 September 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 3 October 2019
Published date: January 2020
Keywords: adaptation, biofilm, extracellular polysaccharides, plant disease, regulatory circuits, type III effectors

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 436995
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/436995
ISSN: 0168-6445
PURE UUID: 5e10cdc8-cd0c-45c8-a31c-22b7fb6d606e

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Date deposited: 14 Jan 2020 18:35
Last modified: 27 Apr 2022 12:35

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Contributors

Author: Shi-Qi An
Author: Neha Potnis
Author: Max Dow
Author: Frank-Jörg Vorhölter
Author: Yong-Qiang He
Author: Anke Becker
Author: Doron Teper
Author: Yi Li
Author: Nian Wang
Author: Leonidas Bleris
Author: Ji-Liang Tang

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