The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Polarity in L3 English: the initial stages and beyond

Polarity in L3 English: the initial stages and beyond
Polarity in L3 English: the initial stages and beyond
The main goal of this dissertation is to understand how L3/Ln acquisition unfolds and how studying it transitions to the bigger field of non-native acquisition as well as theoretical proposals for grammatical properties. In an attempt to do so, the compilation of four studies help us answer the three over-arching questions that guide this doctoral dissertation, as presented below:

I. What can the study of multilingualism tell us about the cognitive processes underlying the initial stages and beyond of any instance of non-native acquisition?
II. What do methodological practices in the field of L3/Ln acquisition tell us about the variability found in the literature?
III. How can the study of multilingualism help us to understand the nature of certain linguistic domains?

In summary, the first study examines the knowledge of Negative Concord Items and Differential Object Marking in the grammar of highly proficient early bilinguals in Catalan and Spanish; and the role language dominance has for the interaction of the languages in early bilingualism. The results show that (a) remaining dominant in the L1 contributes to the maintenance of target-line behavior in the language and (b) that different domains of grammar are affected in different ways. The second study provides an analytical panoramic view of the field of L3/Ln acquisition by reviewing the majority of available L3 morphosyntactic studies published between 2004 and 2018 systematically, examining (and showing) how the methodological practices can explain some of the variability we find in the literature. In the third study, we provide a snapshot of the initial stages of acquisition and we show how confounding proficiency and exposure can introduce potential noise into the study of transfer. In the fourth study we arrive at the culmination of the dissertation by examining the grammars of ab initio L3 learners of English who are Catalan-Spanish bilinguals. The results show that holistic structural similarity is the most deterministic factor for transfer selection in the case of early bilinguals acquiring a third language. More importantly, results of the longitudinal design reveal that developmental sequencing after initial stages transfer is dynamic and nonuniform depending on language dominance in the previous acquired languages. The overall picture of the results of the four studies show that holistic structural similarity plays a role at the initial stages of L3/Ln acquisition, that language dominance plays an important role for L3 development, that certain methodological practices are to be adopted in L3/Ln acquisition and that the study of multilingualism can give answers to the formalization of Negative Concord Items more generally.
University of Reading
Puig-Mayenco, Eloi
db808aca-7d03-4584-bfff-c908b86e8bfe
Puig-Mayenco, Eloi
db808aca-7d03-4584-bfff-c908b86e8bfe
Rothman, Jason
f111b6cb-c90b-479d-a82a-57ad06f4dcfa
Tubau, Susagna
817b5dcd-c63d-4520-be1e-37cdf3e287b7
Cunnings, Ian
f028b218-ddbf-4a60-a9fe-222b80336afa

Puig-Mayenco, Eloi (2019) Polarity in L3 English: the initial stages and beyond. University of Reading, Doctoral Thesis.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The main goal of this dissertation is to understand how L3/Ln acquisition unfolds and how studying it transitions to the bigger field of non-native acquisition as well as theoretical proposals for grammatical properties. In an attempt to do so, the compilation of four studies help us answer the three over-arching questions that guide this doctoral dissertation, as presented below:

I. What can the study of multilingualism tell us about the cognitive processes underlying the initial stages and beyond of any instance of non-native acquisition?
II. What do methodological practices in the field of L3/Ln acquisition tell us about the variability found in the literature?
III. How can the study of multilingualism help us to understand the nature of certain linguistic domains?

In summary, the first study examines the knowledge of Negative Concord Items and Differential Object Marking in the grammar of highly proficient early bilinguals in Catalan and Spanish; and the role language dominance has for the interaction of the languages in early bilingualism. The results show that (a) remaining dominant in the L1 contributes to the maintenance of target-line behavior in the language and (b) that different domains of grammar are affected in different ways. The second study provides an analytical panoramic view of the field of L3/Ln acquisition by reviewing the majority of available L3 morphosyntactic studies published between 2004 and 2018 systematically, examining (and showing) how the methodological practices can explain some of the variability we find in the literature. In the third study, we provide a snapshot of the initial stages of acquisition and we show how confounding proficiency and exposure can introduce potential noise into the study of transfer. In the fourth study we arrive at the culmination of the dissertation by examining the grammars of ab initio L3 learners of English who are Catalan-Spanish bilinguals. The results show that holistic structural similarity is the most deterministic factor for transfer selection in the case of early bilinguals acquiring a third language. More importantly, results of the longitudinal design reveal that developmental sequencing after initial stages transfer is dynamic and nonuniform depending on language dominance in the previous acquired languages. The overall picture of the results of the four studies show that holistic structural similarity plays a role at the initial stages of L3/Ln acquisition, that language dominance plays an important role for L3 development, that certain methodological practices are to be adopted in L3/Ln acquisition and that the study of multilingualism can give answers to the formalization of Negative Concord Items more generally.

This record has no associated files available for download.

More information

Published date: 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437294
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437294
PURE UUID: 5a927aca-d432-42b6-a2ff-01cc513fac2f

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Jan 2020 17:35
Last modified: 09 Nov 2021 16:47

Export record

Contributors

Author: Eloi Puig-Mayenco
Thesis advisor: Jason Rothman
Thesis advisor: Susagna Tubau
Thesis advisor: Ian Cunnings

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×