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Defining a healthy diet: evidence for the role of contemporary dietary patterns in health and disease

Defining a healthy diet: evidence for the role of contemporary dietary patterns in health and disease
Defining a healthy diet: evidence for the role of contemporary dietary patterns in health and disease
The definition of what constitutes a healthy diet is continually shifting to reflect the evolving understanding of the roles that different foods, essential nutrients, and other food components play in health and disease. A large and growing body of evidence supports that intake of certain types of nutrients, specific food groups, or overarching dietary patterns positively influences health and promotes the prevention of common non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Greater consumption of health-promoting foods and limited intake of unhealthier options are intrinsic to the eating habits of certain regional diets such as the Mediterranean diet or have been constructed as part of dietary patterns designed to reduce disease risk, such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) or Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diets. In comparison with a more traditional Western diet, these healthier alternatives are higher in plant-based foods, including fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, seeds, and nuts and lower in animal-based foods, particularly fatty and processed meats. To better understand the current concept of a “healthy diet,” this review describes the features and supporting clinical and epidemiologic data for diets that have been shown to prevent disease and/or positively influence health. In total, evidence from epidemiological studies and clinical trials indicates that these types of dietary patterns reduce risks of NCDs including cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Healthy dietary patterns, Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Non‐communicable diseases, Non‐essential nutrients, Plant‐based diets
2072-6643
1-15
Cena, Hellas
c3f952d4-3e28-44cd-b9a2-023c878bc7a7
Calder, Philip
1797e54f-378e-4dcb-80a4-3e30018f07a6
Cena, Hellas
c3f952d4-3e28-44cd-b9a2-023c878bc7a7
Calder, Philip
1797e54f-378e-4dcb-80a4-3e30018f07a6

Cena, Hellas and Calder, Philip (2020) Defining a healthy diet: evidence for the role of contemporary dietary patterns in health and disease. Nutrients, 12 (2), 1-15, [E334]. (doi:10.3390/nu12020334).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The definition of what constitutes a healthy diet is continually shifting to reflect the evolving understanding of the roles that different foods, essential nutrients, and other food components play in health and disease. A large and growing body of evidence supports that intake of certain types of nutrients, specific food groups, or overarching dietary patterns positively influences health and promotes the prevention of common non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Greater consumption of health-promoting foods and limited intake of unhealthier options are intrinsic to the eating habits of certain regional diets such as the Mediterranean diet or have been constructed as part of dietary patterns designed to reduce disease risk, such as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) or Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diets. In comparison with a more traditional Western diet, these healthier alternatives are higher in plant-based foods, including fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, seeds, and nuts and lower in animal-based foods, particularly fatty and processed meats. To better understand the current concept of a “healthy diet,” this review describes the features and supporting clinical and epidemiologic data for diets that have been shown to prevent disease and/or positively influence health. In total, evidence from epidemiological studies and clinical trials indicates that these types of dietary patterns reduce risks of NCDs including cardiovascular disease and cancer.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 26 January 2020
Published date: 27 January 2020
Keywords: Healthy dietary patterns, Macronutrients, Micronutrients, Non‐communicable diseases, Non‐essential nutrients, Plant‐based diets

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437444
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437444
ISSN: 2072-6643
PURE UUID: 78819607-dc15-4b7a-b1f0-63f92fada3eb
ORCID for Philip Calder: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6038-710X

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Date deposited: 30 Jan 2020 17:38
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 01:40

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Contributors

Author: Hellas Cena
Author: Philip Calder ORCID iD

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