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Disentangling the mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect: a replication and extension study in a Brazilian sample of high-risk youth

Disentangling the mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect: a replication and extension study in a Brazilian sample of high-risk youth
Disentangling the mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect: a replication and extension study in a Brazilian sample of high-risk youth
Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was twofold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n= 347; age range=11-17yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration. Measures included self-report ratings of childhood maltreatment and peer victimization, as well as multi-informant reports of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Consistent with prior research, we found that: (i) maltreatment types often co-occurred; (ii) there was a linear association between number of maltreatment types experienced and symptom severity (i.e. cumulative effect); and (iii) emotional abuse emerged as the most consistent independent predictor of poor mental health across domains, raters, and gender. Additionally, this study extends previous findings by showing that the influence of maltreatment on psychiatric outcomes is partially mediated by peer victimization, but not by bullying perpetration. In conclusion, these findings expand our understanding of the heterogeneity in individual responses to maltreatment as well as highlighting emotional abuse as an important predictor of poor mental health.
0145-2134
312-323
Reis de Oliveira, Irismar
b3a07c06-466d-445e-b44d-41d23cb4b258
Matos-Ragazzo, Ana
fe928940-dbbd-4165-a0b6-0195183ee587
Zhang, Yuning
d04a3a32-daa7-4441-8bdf-9bbaeb44583f
Vasconcelos, Nina
4553e54f-a72e-40df-aa90-51efdbbbcfd7
Velasquez, Michella
fd25dbde-d5cf-4d39-a506-913148fd4ee3
Reis, Daniela
dc4c462f-ff9e-49a5-81d2-b931aa1672db
Ribeiro, Monica
c4abd36c-1204-4f42-a3ef-bc372be6f22d
da Rocha, Marina
3793c3ba-2563-409f-ad0b-cb637324da39
Rosario, Maria
34c69b08-bfac-4547-970b-5d7f3f94bf90
Stallard, Paul
7c7cffe4-b72a-4c28-963f-09290ffcf03b
Cecil, Charlotte
5001a55f-7d2c-4cf6-912f-7d96834f0960
Reis de Oliveira, Irismar
b3a07c06-466d-445e-b44d-41d23cb4b258
Matos-Ragazzo, Ana
fe928940-dbbd-4165-a0b6-0195183ee587
Zhang, Yuning
d04a3a32-daa7-4441-8bdf-9bbaeb44583f
Vasconcelos, Nina
4553e54f-a72e-40df-aa90-51efdbbbcfd7
Velasquez, Michella
fd25dbde-d5cf-4d39-a506-913148fd4ee3
Reis, Daniela
dc4c462f-ff9e-49a5-81d2-b931aa1672db
Ribeiro, Monica
c4abd36c-1204-4f42-a3ef-bc372be6f22d
da Rocha, Marina
3793c3ba-2563-409f-ad0b-cb637324da39
Rosario, Maria
34c69b08-bfac-4547-970b-5d7f3f94bf90
Stallard, Paul
7c7cffe4-b72a-4c28-963f-09290ffcf03b
Cecil, Charlotte
5001a55f-7d2c-4cf6-912f-7d96834f0960

Reis de Oliveira, Irismar, Matos-Ragazzo, Ana, Zhang, Yuning, Vasconcelos, Nina, Velasquez, Michella, Reis, Daniela, Ribeiro, Monica, da Rocha, Marina, Rosario, Maria, Stallard, Paul and Cecil, Charlotte (2018) Disentangling the mental health impact of childhood abuse and neglect: a replication and extension study in a Brazilian sample of high-risk youth. Child Abuse & Neglect, 80, 312-323. (doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2018.03.021).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Childhood maltreatment is a key predictor of mental health problems across the life span. Yet, how maltreatment types independently and jointly influence the risk for psychiatric problems remains unclear. The aim of the study was twofold: first, to replicate recent findings regarding the impact of maltreatment types on youth psychiatric symptoms, based on a Brazilian sample of high-risk adolescents (n= 347; age range=11-17yrs), and second, to extend existing findings by examining whether this relationship is mediated by bullying victimization and/or perpetration. Measures included self-report ratings of childhood maltreatment and peer victimization, as well as multi-informant reports of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Consistent with prior research, we found that: (i) maltreatment types often co-occurred; (ii) there was a linear association between number of maltreatment types experienced and symptom severity (i.e. cumulative effect); and (iii) emotional abuse emerged as the most consistent independent predictor of poor mental health across domains, raters, and gender. Additionally, this study extends previous findings by showing that the influence of maltreatment on psychiatric outcomes is partially mediated by peer victimization, but not by bullying perpetration. In conclusion, these findings expand our understanding of the heterogeneity in individual responses to maltreatment as well as highlighting emotional abuse as an important predictor of poor mental health.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 13 March 2018
e-pub ahead of print date: 19 April 2018
Published date: June 2018

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437746
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437746
ISSN: 0145-2134
PURE UUID: 2f7e4afe-e79c-4bf4-a3d1-61cd95c7873f
ORCID for Yuning Zhang: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2225-6368

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Date deposited: 13 Feb 2020 17:32
Last modified: 14 Jul 2020 00:48

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Contributors

Author: Irismar Reis de Oliveira
Author: Ana Matos-Ragazzo
Author: Yuning Zhang ORCID iD
Author: Nina Vasconcelos
Author: Michella Velasquez
Author: Daniela Reis
Author: Monica Ribeiro
Author: Marina da Rocha
Author: Maria Rosario
Author: Paul Stallard
Author: Charlotte Cecil

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