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Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa

Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa
Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa
A recent systematic review of studies in the developing world has critically examined linkages from familial HIV/AIDS and associated factors such as poverty and child mental health to negative child educational outcomes. In line with several recommendations in the review, the current study modelled relationships between familial HIV/AIDS, poverty, child internalising problems, gender and four educational outcomes: non-enrolment at school, non-attendance, deficits in grade progression and concentration problems. Path analyses reveal no direct associations between familial HIV/AIDS and any of the educational outcomes. Instead, HIV/AIDS-orphanhood or caregiver HIV/AIDS-sickness impacted indirectly on educational outcomes via the poverty and internalising problems that they occasioned. This has implications for evidence-based policy inferences. For instance, by addressing such intervening variables generally, rather than by seeking to target families affected by HIV/AIDS, interventions could avoid exacerbating stigmatisation, while having a more direct and stronger impact on children's educational outcomes. This analytic approach also suggests that future research should seek to identify causal paths, and may include other intervening variables related to poverty (such as child housework and caring responsibilities) or to child mental health (such as stigma and abuse), that are linked to both familial HIV/AIDS and educational outcomes.
0954-0121
343-50
Orkin, Mark
529eda0c-d141-4443-9aea-ee831454c42e
Boyes, Mark
a13d4546-d67f-4753-a587-6910dd675eea
Cluver, Lucie
f9128d5e-9a01-4528-90ad-ffadacd26096
Zhang, Yuning
d04a3a32-daa7-4441-8bdf-9bbaeb44583f
Orkin, Mark
529eda0c-d141-4443-9aea-ee831454c42e
Boyes, Mark
a13d4546-d67f-4753-a587-6910dd675eea
Cluver, Lucie
f9128d5e-9a01-4528-90ad-ffadacd26096
Zhang, Yuning
d04a3a32-daa7-4441-8bdf-9bbaeb44583f

Orkin, Mark, Boyes, Mark, Cluver, Lucie and Zhang, Yuning (2014) Pathways to poor educational outcomes for HIV/AIDS-affected youth in South Africa. AIDS Care, 26 (3), 343-50. (doi:10.1080/09540121.2013.824533).

Record type: Article

Abstract

A recent systematic review of studies in the developing world has critically examined linkages from familial HIV/AIDS and associated factors such as poverty and child mental health to negative child educational outcomes. In line with several recommendations in the review, the current study modelled relationships between familial HIV/AIDS, poverty, child internalising problems, gender and four educational outcomes: non-enrolment at school, non-attendance, deficits in grade progression and concentration problems. Path analyses reveal no direct associations between familial HIV/AIDS and any of the educational outcomes. Instead, HIV/AIDS-orphanhood or caregiver HIV/AIDS-sickness impacted indirectly on educational outcomes via the poverty and internalising problems that they occasioned. This has implications for evidence-based policy inferences. For instance, by addressing such intervening variables generally, rather than by seeking to target families affected by HIV/AIDS, interventions could avoid exacerbating stigmatisation, while having a more direct and stronger impact on children's educational outcomes. This analytic approach also suggests that future research should seek to identify causal paths, and may include other intervening variables related to poverty (such as child housework and caring responsibilities) or to child mental health (such as stigma and abuse), that are linked to both familial HIV/AIDS and educational outcomes.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 22 August 2013
Published date: 2014

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437765
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437765
ISSN: 0954-0121
PURE UUID: f1cc38fb-5f44-474b-823e-5a9a8789d008
ORCID for Yuning Zhang: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2225-6368

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Date deposited: 14 Feb 2020 17:32
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 04:09

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Contributors

Author: Mark Orkin
Author: Mark Boyes
Author: Lucie Cluver
Author: Yuning Zhang ORCID iD

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