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Airbag moderation: the definition and statistical implementation of a new methodological model

Airbag moderation: the definition and statistical implementation of a new methodological model
Airbag moderation: the definition and statistical implementation of a new methodological model

This paper presents a new methodological model termed Airbag Moderation: That the relationship between two variables varies as a function of a third, and that this third variable depends upon one of the others. Airbag Moderation extends and bridges a number of theories and it can be implemented using existing statistical models and software packages. Airbag Moderation is more suitable than Moderation for conceptualizing and testing a range of theories, interventions, and policies across educational, social, and behavioural research. An empirical example demonstrates the effectiveness of UK Sure Start Children’s Centres as an intervention in the context of financial disadvantage and the internalizing behaviours of preschoolers. Parallel statistical implementation follows via two Structural Equation Models featuring either a statistical interaction term or a random coefficient. Both indicate that greater use of a Children’s Centre is a significant Airbag Moderator of the relationship between financial disadvantage and internalizing behaviours in preschoolers.

Evaluation Methodology, Moderation, Statistical inference, Structural equation modeling
1743-727X
379-394
Hall, James
29e17a2b-dca0-4b91-be02-2ace4abaa6c4
Malmberg, Lars Erik
dcca86e9-5e03-4288-9a81-f29a50e04936
Lindorff, Ariel
c1b05285-fa02-46ea-9f61-1a04f65ae1c3
Baumann, Nicole
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Sammons, Pamela
1a239dea-6df2-459e-80c4-73992d03d1c0
Hall, James
29e17a2b-dca0-4b91-be02-2ace4abaa6c4
Malmberg, Lars Erik
dcca86e9-5e03-4288-9a81-f29a50e04936
Lindorff, Ariel
c1b05285-fa02-46ea-9f61-1a04f65ae1c3
Baumann, Nicole
f7d8da6a-97e0-4178-8b0c-74764dba64e5
Sammons, Pamela
1a239dea-6df2-459e-80c4-73992d03d1c0

Hall, James, Malmberg, Lars Erik, Lindorff, Ariel, Baumann, Nicole and Sammons, Pamela (2020) Airbag moderation: the definition and statistical implementation of a new methodological model. International Journal of Research and Method in Education, 43 (4), 379-394. (doi:10.1080/1743727X.2020.1735334).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This paper presents a new methodological model termed Airbag Moderation: That the relationship between two variables varies as a function of a third, and that this third variable depends upon one of the others. Airbag Moderation extends and bridges a number of theories and it can be implemented using existing statistical models and software packages. Airbag Moderation is more suitable than Moderation for conceptualizing and testing a range of theories, interventions, and policies across educational, social, and behavioural research. An empirical example demonstrates the effectiveness of UK Sure Start Children’s Centres as an intervention in the context of financial disadvantage and the internalizing behaviours of preschoolers. Parallel statistical implementation follows via two Structural Equation Models featuring either a statistical interaction term or a random coefficient. Both indicate that greater use of a Children’s Centre is a significant Airbag Moderator of the relationship between financial disadvantage and internalizing behaviours in preschoolers.

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IJRME Airbag Moderation accepted paper 31 1 2020 - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 31 January 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 1 March 2020
Published date: 7 August 2020
Keywords: Evaluation Methodology, Moderation, Statistical inference, Structural equation modeling

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437789
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437789
ISSN: 1743-727X
PURE UUID: d9bd9921-f8d7-4c70-a81d-425bbe4f9d5f
ORCID for James Hall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-8002-0922

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Date deposited: 17 Feb 2020 17:31
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 04:15

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Contributors

Author: James Hall ORCID iD
Author: Lars Erik Malmberg
Author: Ariel Lindorff
Author: Nicole Baumann
Author: Pamela Sammons

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