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Design catalogue for eco-engineering of coastal artificial structures: A multifunctional approach for stakeholders and end-users

Design catalogue for eco-engineering of coastal artificial structures: A multifunctional approach for stakeholders and end-users
Design catalogue for eco-engineering of coastal artificial structures: A multifunctional approach for stakeholders and end-users
Coastal urbanisation, energy extraction, food production, shipping and transportation have led to the global proliferation of artificial structures within the coastal and marine environments (sensu “ocean sprawl”), with subsequent loss of natural habitats and biodiversity. To mitigate and compensate impacts of ocean sprawl, the practice of eco-engineering of artificial structures has been developed over the past decade. Eco-engineering aims to create sustainable ecosystems that integrate human society with the natural environment for the benefit of both. The science of eco-engineering has grown markedly, yet synthesis of research into a user-friendly and practitioner-focused format is lacking. Feedback from stakeholders has repeatedly stated that a “photo user guide” or “manual” covering the range of eco-engineering options available for artificial structures would be beneficial. However, a detailed and structured “user guide” for eco-engineering in coastal and marine environments is not yet possible; therefore we present an accessible review and catalogue of trialled eco-engineering options and a summary of guidance for a range of different structures tailored for stakeholders and end-users as the first step towards a structured manual. This work can thus serve as a potential template for future eco-engineering guides. Here we provide suggestions for potential eco-engineering designs to enhance biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and services of coastal artificial structures with the following structures covered: (1) rock revetment, breakwaters and groynes composed of armour stones or concrete units; (2) vertical and sloping seawalls; (3) over-water structures (i.e., piers) and associated support structures; and (4) tidal river walls.
1083-8155
O’Shaughnessy, Kathryn A.
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Hawkins, Stephen J.
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Evans, Ally J.
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Hanley, Mick E.
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Lunt, Paul
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Thompson, Richard C.
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Francis, Robert A.
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Hoggart, Simon P. G.
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Moore, Pippa J.
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Iglesias, Gregorio
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Simmonds, David
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Ducker, James
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Firth, Louise B.
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O’Shaughnessy, Kathryn A.
a672e2eb-14ca-4091-915e-3d6753f88e6e
Hawkins, Stephen J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa
Evans, Ally J.
8d799f4f-07ea-4159-b8ac-8d0e240f9329
Hanley, Mick E.
dd3d272e-0ced-44f8-a6c5-5a9a2ec8c441
Lunt, Paul
60e0cae2-7305-4dd5-a3fb-02d419b3c418
Thompson, Richard C.
f439ea56-b6dd-48cf-8adb-d9c2ecc6e24d
Francis, Robert A.
1cd6d175-86da-4b1a-8be0-b69a810f8474
Hoggart, Simon P. G.
54c20070-c5a1-4944-97d1-899137abe974
Moore, Pippa J.
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Iglesias, Gregorio
c62b3cb9-7b36-4d3c-bb66-7fad331adc36
Simmonds, David
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Ducker, James
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Firth, Louise B.
2e186fef-ae70-4fc8-8f3f-34e0073eff9a

O’Shaughnessy, Kathryn A., Hawkins, Stephen J., Evans, Ally J., Hanley, Mick E., Lunt, Paul, Thompson, Richard C., Francis, Robert A., Hoggart, Simon P. G., Moore, Pippa J., Iglesias, Gregorio, Simmonds, David, Ducker, James and Firth, Louise B. (2019) Design catalogue for eco-engineering of coastal artificial structures: A multifunctional approach for stakeholders and end-users. Urban Ecosystems. (doi:10.1007/s11252-019-00924-z).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Coastal urbanisation, energy extraction, food production, shipping and transportation have led to the global proliferation of artificial structures within the coastal and marine environments (sensu “ocean sprawl”), with subsequent loss of natural habitats and biodiversity. To mitigate and compensate impacts of ocean sprawl, the practice of eco-engineering of artificial structures has been developed over the past decade. Eco-engineering aims to create sustainable ecosystems that integrate human society with the natural environment for the benefit of both. The science of eco-engineering has grown markedly, yet synthesis of research into a user-friendly and practitioner-focused format is lacking. Feedback from stakeholders has repeatedly stated that a “photo user guide” or “manual” covering the range of eco-engineering options available for artificial structures would be beneficial. However, a detailed and structured “user guide” for eco-engineering in coastal and marine environments is not yet possible; therefore we present an accessible review and catalogue of trialled eco-engineering options and a summary of guidance for a range of different structures tailored for stakeholders and end-users as the first step towards a structured manual. This work can thus serve as a potential template for future eco-engineering guides. Here we provide suggestions for potential eco-engineering designs to enhance biodiversity and ecosystem functioning and services of coastal artificial structures with the following structures covered: (1) rock revetment, breakwaters and groynes composed of armour stones or concrete units; (2) vertical and sloping seawalls; (3) over-water structures (i.e., piers) and associated support structures; and (4) tidal river walls.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 28 December 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437915
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437915
ISSN: 1083-8155
PURE UUID: c0713a87-7c99-408b-a96d-6e944a15fea1

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Date deposited: 24 Feb 2020 17:30
Last modified: 25 Nov 2021 23:00

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Contributors

Author: Kathryn A. O’Shaughnessy
Author: Ally J. Evans
Author: Mick E. Hanley
Author: Paul Lunt
Author: Richard C. Thompson
Author: Robert A. Francis
Author: Simon P. G. Hoggart
Author: Pippa J. Moore
Author: Gregorio Iglesias
Author: David Simmonds
Author: James Ducker
Author: Louise B. Firth

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