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Estimating the generation of garden waste in England and the differences between rural and urban areas

Estimating the generation of garden waste in England and the differences between rural and urban areas
Estimating the generation of garden waste in England and the differences between rural and urban areas
Garden waste arising from private households represents a major component of the biodegradable municipal waste stream. To design effective waste valorisation schemes, detailed information about garden waste is a prerequisite. While the biochemical composition of this material is well documented, there is a lack of knowledge regarding both the quantities arising, and quantities entering the services operated by waste management authorities. This work studied the quantities of garden waste arisings at urban and rural households along with the disposal methods used. A door-to-door interview survey, an analysis of kerbside collections of garden waste, and an assessment of materials brought by citizens to a waste recycling site were carried out in Hampshire, UK. If extrapolated nationally, the results indicate that households in England produce an average of 0.79kg of garden waste per day, or 288kg per year. On a per capita basis, this corresponds to an annual arising of 120kg per person, out of which around 70% enters the collection schemes of the waste management authorities. The quantity generated by rural and urban households differed substantially, with rural households producing 1.96±1.35 kg per day and urban households 0.64±0.46 kg per day. Rural households adopted self-sufficient methods of garden waste management such as home composting or backyard burning to a much greater extent compared with urban households. Less than half of the generated rural garden waste entered services operated by the waste collection authorities, while urban households strongly relied on these services. A detailed breakdown of the disposal routes chosen by urban and rural householders can support authorities in tailoring more effective waste management schemes.
1-23
Eades, Paul
b2b6c847-e2d6-4554-8237-817dc3d22c84
Kusch-Brandt, Sigrid
b68f18dd-d472-49a8-a110-0f420ba77f6f
Heaven, Sonia
f25f74b6-97bd-4a18-b33b-a63084718571
Banks, Charles J.
5c6c8c4b-5b25-4e37-9058-50fa8d2e926f
Eades, Paul
b2b6c847-e2d6-4554-8237-817dc3d22c84
Kusch-Brandt, Sigrid
b68f18dd-d472-49a8-a110-0f420ba77f6f
Heaven, Sonia
f25f74b6-97bd-4a18-b33b-a63084718571
Banks, Charles J.
5c6c8c4b-5b25-4e37-9058-50fa8d2e926f

Eades, Paul, Kusch-Brandt, Sigrid, Heaven, Sonia and Banks, Charles J. (2020) Estimating the generation of garden waste in England and the differences between rural and urban areas. Resources, 9 (1), 1-23, [8]. (doi:10.3390/resources9010008).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Garden waste arising from private households represents a major component of the biodegradable municipal waste stream. To design effective waste valorisation schemes, detailed information about garden waste is a prerequisite. While the biochemical composition of this material is well documented, there is a lack of knowledge regarding both the quantities arising, and quantities entering the services operated by waste management authorities. This work studied the quantities of garden waste arisings at urban and rural households along with the disposal methods used. A door-to-door interview survey, an analysis of kerbside collections of garden waste, and an assessment of materials brought by citizens to a waste recycling site were carried out in Hampshire, UK. If extrapolated nationally, the results indicate that households in England produce an average of 0.79kg of garden waste per day, or 288kg per year. On a per capita basis, this corresponds to an annual arising of 120kg per person, out of which around 70% enters the collection schemes of the waste management authorities. The quantity generated by rural and urban households differed substantially, with rural households producing 1.96±1.35 kg per day and urban households 0.64±0.46 kg per day. Rural households adopted self-sufficient methods of garden waste management such as home composting or backyard burning to a much greater extent compared with urban households. Less than half of the generated rural garden waste entered services operated by the waste collection authorities, while urban households strongly relied on these services. A detailed breakdown of the disposal routes chosen by urban and rural householders can support authorities in tailoring more effective waste management schemes.

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estimating the generation of garden waste in England - Version of Record
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Accepted/In Press date: 13 January 2020
Published date: 16 January 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 437965
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/437965
PURE UUID: 539da900-76f3-47d6-842c-d2e5b13e3382
ORCID for Sonia Heaven: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-7798-4683

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Date deposited: 24 Feb 2020 17:31
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 01:37

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