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Quantifying environmental and financial benefits of using porters and cycle couriers for last-mile parcel delivery

Quantifying environmental and financial benefits of using porters and cycle couriers for last-mile parcel delivery
Quantifying environmental and financial benefits of using porters and cycle couriers for last-mile parcel delivery
Parcel carriers face increasingly difficult operating conditions in busy metropolitan areas due to growing consumer demand for ever faster delivery services and having to cope with traffic congestion and city authority measures that may restrict or penalise access for certain types of vehicle. This paper evaluates the potential environmental and financial benefits of switching from traditional van-based deliveries to an alternative operating model, where porters or cycle couriers undertake deliveries supported by a substantially reduced van fleet.
Results using a specially-developed algorithm to model operations of a real carrier in an area of central London, UK, suggested that the carrier could reduce CO2 emissions by 45%, NOx emissions by 33%, driving distance by 78% and curbside parking time by 45%. Overall cost savings to the carrier were estimated to be in the range 34%-39%. Scaling up the modelled emissions savings to London’s Central Activities Zone, an area of approximately 30 km2 and with current total annual parcel delivery distance of around 15 million km, could see annual emissions savings in the region of 2 million kg CO2 and 1633kg NOx if all carriers utilised porters or cycle couriers. The key operating challenges identified were related to sorting and consolidating items by weight and volume, parcel handover arrangements and how to deal with express items and failed deliveries.
Last-mile logistics, Parcel delivery, Sustainable transport
1361-9209
Mcleod, Fraser
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Cherrett, Thomas
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Bektas, Tolga
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Allen, Julian
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Martinez Sykora, Antonio
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Lamas Fernandez, Carlos
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Bates, Oliver
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Cheliotis, Kostas
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Friday, Adrian
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Piecyk, Maja
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Wise, Sarah
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Mcleod, Fraser
93da13ec-7f81-470f-8a01-9339e80abe98
Cherrett, Thomas
e5929951-e97c-4720-96a8-3e586f2d5f95
Bektas, Tolga
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Allen, Julian
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Martinez Sykora, Antonio
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Lamas Fernandez, Carlos
e96b5deb-74d5-4c9b-a0ce-448c99526b09
Bates, Oliver
ef8b73a4-6d8e-4a2b-8669-facda520627a
Cheliotis, Kostas
7ca497b2-e115-42b2-b357-de63fd32771f
Friday, Adrian
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Piecyk, Maja
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Wise, Sarah
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Mcleod, Fraser, Cherrett, Thomas, Bektas, Tolga, Allen, Julian, Martinez Sykora, Antonio, Lamas Fernandez, Carlos, Bates, Oliver, Cheliotis, Kostas, Friday, Adrian, Piecyk, Maja and Wise, Sarah (2020) Quantifying environmental and financial benefits of using porters and cycle couriers for last-mile parcel delivery. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 82, [TRD_102311]. (10.​1016/​j.​trd.​2020.​102311).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Parcel carriers face increasingly difficult operating conditions in busy metropolitan areas due to growing consumer demand for ever faster delivery services and having to cope with traffic congestion and city authority measures that may restrict or penalise access for certain types of vehicle. This paper evaluates the potential environmental and financial benefits of switching from traditional van-based deliveries to an alternative operating model, where porters or cycle couriers undertake deliveries supported by a substantially reduced van fleet.
Results using a specially-developed algorithm to model operations of a real carrier in an area of central London, UK, suggested that the carrier could reduce CO2 emissions by 45%, NOx emissions by 33%, driving distance by 78% and curbside parking time by 45%. Overall cost savings to the carrier were estimated to be in the range 34%-39%. Scaling up the modelled emissions savings to London’s Central Activities Zone, an area of approximately 30 km2 and with current total annual parcel delivery distance of around 15 million km, could see annual emissions savings in the region of 2 million kg CO2 and 1633kg NOx if all carriers utilised porters or cycle couriers. The key operating challenges identified were related to sorting and consolidating items by weight and volume, parcel handover arrangements and how to deal with express items and failed deliveries.

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Accepted/In Press date: 7 March 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 14 March 2020
Published date: May 2020
Keywords: Last-mile logistics, Parcel delivery, Sustainable transport

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 438763
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/438763
DOI: 10.​1016/​j.​trd.​2020.​102311
ISSN: 1361-9209
PURE UUID: e04107b3-e3e7-48f3-b4e1-893a5f0ca554
ORCID for Fraser Mcleod: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5784-9342
ORCID for Tolga Bektas: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0634-144X
ORCID for Antonio Martinez Sykora: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2435-3113
ORCID for Carlos Lamas Fernandez: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5329-7619

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Mar 2020 17:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 03:16

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Contributors

Author: Fraser Mcleod ORCID iD
Author: Thomas Cherrett
Author: Tolga Bektas ORCID iD
Author: Julian Allen
Author: Oliver Bates
Author: Kostas Cheliotis
Author: Adrian Friday
Author: Maja Piecyk
Author: Sarah Wise

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