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Paired associate learning: age differences

Paired associate learning: age differences
Paired associate learning: age differences

The issue of age related differences in performance during the acquisition phase of a paired associate learning task is discussed within the framework of a precise mathematical tool. A two-stage, four-state Markov model is employed to analyze the data sets from two age groups consisting of 24 subjects each. The relative efficiencies of the acquisition processes of the younger and the older groups of adults are reflected in the different values of parameters. (These values were obtained by optimizing the fit of the model to the two data sets). The two major findings are: (i) the younger adults form associations (even temporary ones more easily) and (ii) these associations tend to decay less quickly, again in the younger adults. The results speak against the general decrement hypothesis, although further investigation is needed.

1071-1813
123-127
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba
Fisher, Donald L.
5265234b-a892-4a72-9e11-a6f851c13de4
Pullen, Michael T.
7c3a420d-98b9-4824-a9fe-d2ea4ef76dc8
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba
Fisher, Donald L.
5265234b-a892-4a72-9e11-a6f851c13de4
Pullen, Michael T.
7c3a420d-98b9-4824-a9fe-d2ea4ef76dc8

Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V., Fisher, Donald L. and Pullen, Michael T. (1996) Paired associate learning: age differences. In Paired Associate Learning. vol. 1, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. pp. 123-127 .

Record type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Abstract

The issue of age related differences in performance during the acquisition phase of a paired associate learning task is discussed within the framework of a precise mathematical tool. A two-stage, four-state Markov model is employed to analyze the data sets from two age groups consisting of 24 subjects each. The relative efficiencies of the acquisition processes of the younger and the older groups of adults are reflected in the different values of parameters. (These values were obtained by optimizing the fit of the model to the two data sets). The two major findings are: (i) the younger adults form associations (even temporary ones more easily) and (ii) these associations tend to decay less quickly, again in the younger adults. The results speak against the general decrement hypothesis, although further investigation is needed.

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More information

Published date: 1 January 1996
Venue - Dates: Proceedings of the 1996 40th Annual Meeting of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. Part 1 (of 2), , Philadelphia, PA, USA, 1996-09-01 - 1996-09-05

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 438812
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/438812
ISSN: 1071-1813
PURE UUID: 5f66bcb7-f390-4d6e-a9a9-5989c5075188
ORCID for Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9572-1980

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Date deposited: 24 Mar 2020 17:52
Last modified: 08 Jan 2022 03:29

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Contributors

Author: Donald L. Fisher
Author: Michael T. Pullen

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