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American and German students' knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors with respect to over-the-counter pain relievers

American and German students' knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors with respect to over-the-counter pain relievers
American and German students' knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors with respect to over-the-counter pain relievers

Objective: To better understand the knowledge base and perceptions involved in the decision to buy and use over-the-counter pain relievers (OTCPRs) by taking into account the environment in which these decisions are made. The authors expected that the differences in access and marketing would affect knowledge and decision making related to OTCPRs in the United States and Germany. Design: A survey was given to 108 undergraduate university students in the United States and Germany (58 and 50 participants, respectively). Results: The authors found that significantly more Americans than Germans take OTCPRs and that they also take significantly more OTCPRs. Americans exhibited less knowledge about side effects than their German counterparts. When asked when they consulted package labels, Americans reported they were more likely to do so before buying a product, whereas Germans reported consulting labels before taking OTCPRs for the first time. Package labels affected more Americans' decisions to purchase OTCPRs; Americans were also less likely to consult a doctor when feeling pain but more likely to take OTCPRs. Finally, Americans viewed OTCPRs as riskier after their status changed from prescription only to over the counter, whereas Germans believed they posed less risk. Conclusion: This study analyzed health-related behavior by looking at how environmental factors shape decision processes related to over-the-counter drug use. The results indicate that looking at environmental factors does help to explain differences in knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors among German and American students.

decision making, information search, over-the-counter pain relievers, package labels, risk perception
0278-6133
802-806
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba
Gummerum, Michaela
25b6bc9d-98b8-48c2-84aa-ee3cc921250e
Brass, Eric P.
5627394c-8bab-4fd0-8712-6a02ac0dadf4
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba
Gummerum, Michaela
25b6bc9d-98b8-48c2-84aa-ee3cc921250e
Brass, Eric P.
5627394c-8bab-4fd0-8712-6a02ac0dadf4

Hanoch, Yaniv, Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V., Gummerum, Michaela and Brass, Eric P. (2007) American and German students' knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors with respect to over-the-counter pain relievers. Health Psychology, 26 (6), 802-806. (doi:10.1037/0278-6133.26.6.802).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Objective: To better understand the knowledge base and perceptions involved in the decision to buy and use over-the-counter pain relievers (OTCPRs) by taking into account the environment in which these decisions are made. The authors expected that the differences in access and marketing would affect knowledge and decision making related to OTCPRs in the United States and Germany. Design: A survey was given to 108 undergraduate university students in the United States and Germany (58 and 50 participants, respectively). Results: The authors found that significantly more Americans than Germans take OTCPRs and that they also take significantly more OTCPRs. Americans exhibited less knowledge about side effects than their German counterparts. When asked when they consulted package labels, Americans reported they were more likely to do so before buying a product, whereas Germans reported consulting labels before taking OTCPRs for the first time. Package labels affected more Americans' decisions to purchase OTCPRs; Americans were also less likely to consult a doctor when feeling pain but more likely to take OTCPRs. Finally, Americans viewed OTCPRs as riskier after their status changed from prescription only to over the counter, whereas Germans believed they posed less risk. Conclusion: This study analyzed health-related behavior by looking at how environmental factors shape decision processes related to over-the-counter drug use. The results indicate that looking at environmental factors does help to explain differences in knowledge, perceptions, and behaviors among German and American students.

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More information

Published date: 1 November 2007
Keywords: decision making, information search, over-the-counter pain relievers, package labels, risk perception

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 439267
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/439267
ISSN: 0278-6133
PURE UUID: b37437f0-2b7f-4d32-b906-532fef5ffdef
ORCID for Yaniv Hanoch: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9453-4588
ORCID for Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9572-1980

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Date deposited: 07 Apr 2020 16:31
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 04:08

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Contributors

Author: Yaniv Hanoch ORCID iD
Author: Michaela Gummerum
Author: Eric P. Brass

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