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Intervening against mental illness stigma and its internalisation: an organising framework

Intervening against mental illness stigma and its internalisation: an organising framework
Intervening against mental illness stigma and its internalisation: an organising framework
Reviews of interventions targeting of interpersonal stigma and internalised stigma have each identified several methods. Education about mental illness, contact between people with and without experience of mental illness, and protest against stigma have been identified as three means of reducing interpersonal stigma. While there is evidence that education and contact can be effective both separately and in combination, protest has been discouraged because of evidence suggesting that it can be counterproductive. Further there is little research directly addressing the question of whether education and contact are effective for structural level discrimination. On the other hand, the effectiveness of some types of protests against stigmatising organisational decisions suggests researchers should give further consideration to protest. Reviews of interventions targeting internalised stigma identified the following methods as the most used ones in effective interventions: cognitive; narrative; behavioural decision making, and psychoeducational. Since these reviews, recent work has begun to identify contact as effective for reducing internalised stigma. This article aims to synthesise these fields with the following objectives: (i) to highlight the similarities between interventions targeted to interpersonal and internalised stigma and the implications of these similarities; (ii) to draw attention to the need to evaluate structural level interventions; (iii) to create a comprehensive model for intervening against stigma using the ‘cycle of oppression' model which is widely applied in diversity and inclusion training. This model is proposed to be useful both to inform decisions about designing and targeting interventions, but can also be used as content for an intervention to reduce internalised stigma and help people with mental illness and their ‘allies' to intervene against stigma themselves.
1129-6437
109-131
Henderson, Claire
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Asher, Carolyn
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Goldsmith, Kimberly
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C. Gronholm, Petra
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Lawrence, Vanessa
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Rimes, Kathrine
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Rome, Renee
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Sevdalis, Nick
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Sin, Jacqueline
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Tognin, Stefania
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Walker, Dawn-marie
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Webber, Martin
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Henderson, Claire
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Asher, Carolyn
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Goldsmith, Kimberly
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C. Gronholm, Petra
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Lawrence, Vanessa
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Rimes, Kathrine
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Rome, Renee
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Sevdalis, Nick
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Sin, Jacqueline
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Tognin, Stefania
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Walker, Dawn-marie
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Webber, Martin
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Henderson, Claire, Asher, Carolyn, Goldsmith, Kimberly, C. Gronholm, Petra, Lawrence, Vanessa, Rimes, Kathrine, Rome, Renee, Sevdalis, Nick, Sin, Jacqueline, Tognin, Stefania, Walker, Dawn-marie and Webber, Martin (2019) Intervening against mental illness stigma and its internalisation: an organising framework. Rivista Sperimentale Di Freniatria, (3), 109-131. (doi:10.3280/RSF2019-003005).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Reviews of interventions targeting of interpersonal stigma and internalised stigma have each identified several methods. Education about mental illness, contact between people with and without experience of mental illness, and protest against stigma have been identified as three means of reducing interpersonal stigma. While there is evidence that education and contact can be effective both separately and in combination, protest has been discouraged because of evidence suggesting that it can be counterproductive. Further there is little research directly addressing the question of whether education and contact are effective for structural level discrimination. On the other hand, the effectiveness of some types of protests against stigmatising organisational decisions suggests researchers should give further consideration to protest. Reviews of interventions targeting internalised stigma identified the following methods as the most used ones in effective interventions: cognitive; narrative; behavioural decision making, and psychoeducational. Since these reviews, recent work has begun to identify contact as effective for reducing internalised stigma. This article aims to synthesise these fields with the following objectives: (i) to highlight the similarities between interventions targeted to interpersonal and internalised stigma and the implications of these similarities; (ii) to draw attention to the need to evaluate structural level interventions; (iii) to create a comprehensive model for intervening against stigma using the ‘cycle of oppression' model which is widely applied in diversity and inclusion training. This model is proposed to be useful both to inform decisions about designing and targeting interventions, but can also be used as content for an intervention to reduce internalised stigma and help people with mental illness and their ‘allies' to intervene against stigma themselves.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 1 November 2019
Published date: 1 November 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 439465
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/439465
ISSN: 1129-6437
PURE UUID: 6a3073c8-58a4-4e56-8fd6-a495302ee728
ORCID for Dawn-marie Walker: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2135-1363

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Date deposited: 23 Apr 2020 16:54
Last modified: 22 Aug 2020 01:40

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Contributors

Author: Claire Henderson
Author: Carolyn Asher
Author: Kimberly Goldsmith
Author: Petra C. Gronholm
Author: Kathrine Rimes
Author: Renee Rome
Author: Nick Sevdalis
Author: Jacqueline Sin
Author: Stefania Tognin
Author: Dawn-marie Walker ORCID iD
Author: Martin Webber

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