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Bacterioplankton composition in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during the austral summer of 2003

Record type: Article

Physical ocean processes (ice-melt, island run-off and upwelling of nutrients) were hypothesised to affect the bacterioplankton composition in the surface mixed layer of the Scotia Sea during the austral summer of 2003, and this was investigated using flow cytometry and catalysed reporter deposition fluorescence in situ hybridisation (CARD-FISH) techniques. The bacterioplankton was composed predominantly of Alphaproteobacteria (PB), comprising SAR11, Roseobacter spp. and SAR116 groups, followed by Sphingobacteria/Flavobacteria and Gammaproteobacteria, including SAR86. Two distinct bacterioplankton communities were identified, largely based on bacterioplankton abundance, which varied from 0.3 ± 0.06 × 106 cells ml–1 in the west to 0.8 ± 0.3 × 106 cells ml–1 in the east, and a corresponding difference in SAR11 percentages of 30 ± 15% in the west compared to 5 ± 5% in the east. The western community was present in waters that were largely in an over-wintered, pre-bloom condition. The eastern bacterioplankton community was associated with phytoplankton blooms developed within the eastern Scotia Sea nutrient upwelling zone, where the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) encounters the shallow bathymetry associated with the Scotia Arc, in combination with seasonal ice-melt and island effects that enabled surface water stratification.

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Citation

Topping, J.N., Heywood, J.L., Ward, P. and Zubkov, M.V. (2006) Bacterioplankton composition in the Scotia Sea, Antarctica, during the austral summer of 2003 Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 45, (3), pp. 229-235.

More information

Published date: 2006
Keywords: bacterioplankton, community, CARD-FISH, flow cytometry, Scotia Sea, Antarctic Circumpolar Current

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 43962
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/43962
ISSN: 0948-3055
PURE UUID: c09fe100-aa17-4330-9438-3c7b3d9dbab1

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 05 Feb 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:16

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Contributors

Author: J.N. Topping
Author: J.L. Heywood
Author: P. Ward
Author: M.V. Zubkov

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