The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

Emergency response ontology informatics: using ontologies to improve emergency and hazard management

Emergency response ontology informatics: using ontologies to improve emergency and hazard management
Emergency response ontology informatics: using ontologies to improve emergency and hazard management
The Large-scale natural and man-made hazards and disasters sometimes triggered and/or encouraged by regional conflicts, climate change, or migration are growing in intensity and frequency. These disasters, affecting thousands of homes and lives, have consequences for national security and defense. Adequate preparation, response and recovery are required to manage the effects of such large-scale disasters. With many organisations involved in their handling, often times crossing regional and national borders, information exchange is crucial in order to help save lives and properties. Very often, this information exchange is cumbersome and difficult due to differing vocabularies, semantics and representations at the human language, systems and data levels. This paper describes HERO, the Hazard and Emergency Response Ontology, a vocabulary used to describe hazards, either emerging, existing or ones that might have happened. Having a common vocabulary to describe hazards will give emergency management officials a common language (or a common set of terms) to describe an event, a disaster, or a hazard, making the information exchange between differing political and social boundaries easier, more efficient and more effective. We describe how we have made use of HERO to help us to model migration hazard data. We end with lessons learnt and conclusions.
ontology, informatics, emergency response
0973-1873
1022-1032
Omitola, Temitope
1c60a885-5485-4676-8907-d657c22d5f58
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0
Omitola, Temitope
1c60a885-5485-4676-8907-d657c22d5f58
Wills, Gary
3a594558-6921-4e82-8098-38cd8d4e8aa0

Omitola, Temitope and Wills, Gary (2019) Emergency response ontology informatics: using ontologies to improve emergency and hazard management. International Journal of Intelligent Computing Research (IJICR), 10 (3), 1022-1032. (doi:10.20533/ijicr.2042.4655.2019.0124).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The Large-scale natural and man-made hazards and disasters sometimes triggered and/or encouraged by regional conflicts, climate change, or migration are growing in intensity and frequency. These disasters, affecting thousands of homes and lives, have consequences for national security and defense. Adequate preparation, response and recovery are required to manage the effects of such large-scale disasters. With many organisations involved in their handling, often times crossing regional and national borders, information exchange is crucial in order to help save lives and properties. Very often, this information exchange is cumbersome and difficult due to differing vocabularies, semantics and representations at the human language, systems and data levels. This paper describes HERO, the Hazard and Emergency Response Ontology, a vocabulary used to describe hazards, either emerging, existing or ones that might have happened. Having a common vocabulary to describe hazards will give emergency management officials a common language (or a common set of terms) to describe an event, a disaster, or a hazard, making the information exchange between differing political and social boundaries easier, more efficient and more effective. We describe how we have made use of HERO to help us to model migration hazard data. We end with lessons learnt and conclusions.

Text
Emergency-Response-Ontology-Informatics - Accepted Manuscript
Download (1MB)

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 29 December 2019
Published date: 2019
Keywords: ontology, informatics, emergency response

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 440914
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/440914
ISSN: 0973-1873
PURE UUID: 05d2ecbb-fa72-4e25-bf96-eab8b3dd6fb5
ORCID for Gary Wills: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5771-4088

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 22 May 2020 16:37
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 05:43

Export record

Altmetrics

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×