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An experimental investigation into active structural acoustic cloaking of a flexible cylinder

An experimental investigation into active structural acoustic cloaking of a flexible cylinder
An experimental investigation into active structural acoustic cloaking of a flexible cylinder
The ability to acoustically cloak an object, effectively making the object acoustically invisible to an outside observer, is of interest in many applications where the presence of an object has an undesirable impact on the sound-field. If a suitable disturbance signal can be measured, an active control system can be used to directly minimise the scattered acoustic pressure, which fully characterises the presence of the body. In this paper, a broadband feedforward active control system is used to minimise the scattered acoustic pressure at a far-field microphone array using an array of structural control sources affixed to the flexible scattering body. The performance of this system is assessed using measured data corresponding to a hollow cylindrical shell subject to an incident acoustic field, and the causality of the control filters is investigated. It is shown that the practical causality constraint limits the performance of the active cloak at lower frequencies, but the causally constrained controller is able to achieve approximately 10 dB of attenuation in the far-field scattered acoustic power, using an array of 9 control actuators. The influence that the number of control actuators has on the attenuation performance is investigated, the practicability of the system is discussed, and a number of potential implementation challenges are identified, including the increased level of structural vibration caused by the active structural acoustic cloaking system.
0003-682X
1-11
House, Charlie
15d5f04a-da71-4435-9b8c-6bf50d8e7908
Cheer, Jordan
8e452f50-4c7d-4d4e-913a-34015e99b9dc
Daley, Stephen
53cef7f1-77fa-4a4c-9745-b6a0ba4f42e6
House, Charlie
15d5f04a-da71-4435-9b8c-6bf50d8e7908
Cheer, Jordan
8e452f50-4c7d-4d4e-913a-34015e99b9dc
Daley, Stephen
53cef7f1-77fa-4a4c-9745-b6a0ba4f42e6

House, Charlie, Cheer, Jordan and Daley, Stephen (2020) An experimental investigation into active structural acoustic cloaking of a flexible cylinder. Applied Acoustics, 170 (107436), 1-11, [107436]. (doi:10.1016/j.apacoust.2020.107436).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The ability to acoustically cloak an object, effectively making the object acoustically invisible to an outside observer, is of interest in many applications where the presence of an object has an undesirable impact on the sound-field. If a suitable disturbance signal can be measured, an active control system can be used to directly minimise the scattered acoustic pressure, which fully characterises the presence of the body. In this paper, a broadband feedforward active control system is used to minimise the scattered acoustic pressure at a far-field microphone array using an array of structural control sources affixed to the flexible scattering body. The performance of this system is assessed using measured data corresponding to a hollow cylindrical shell subject to an incident acoustic field, and the causality of the control filters is investigated. It is shown that the practical causality constraint limits the performance of the active cloak at lower frequencies, but the causally constrained controller is able to achieve approximately 10 dB of attenuation in the far-field scattered acoustic power, using an array of 9 control actuators. The influence that the number of control actuators has on the attenuation performance is investigated, the practicability of the system is discussed, and a number of potential implementation challenges are identified, including the increased level of structural vibration caused by the active structural acoustic cloaking system.

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Accepted/In Press date: 18 May 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 July 2020
Published date: 15 December 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 440962
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/440962
ISSN: 0003-682X
PURE UUID: c86b8f42-2507-4e9a-96b2-19fff08700a3
ORCID for Charlie House: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9653-3594
ORCID for Jordan Cheer: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0552-5506

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 26 May 2020 16:31
Last modified: 07 Oct 2020 02:16

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