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Ocean Justice: SDG 14 and Beyond

Ocean Justice: SDG 14 and Beyond
Ocean Justice: SDG 14 and Beyond
The ocean is central to our lives, but many of our impacts on the ocean are highly unsustainable, and patterns of resource exploitation at sea are deeply inequitable. This article assesses whether the objectives encapsulated in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal for the ocean are well equipped to respond to these challenges. It will argue that the approach underpinned by the SDG 14 is largely compatible, unfortunately, with ‘business as usual.’ SDG 14 is undoubtedly intended as a starting point rather than a final destination; but it is nevertheless important to be clear about how far we still need to travel on the road to oceanic justice. Most significantly, SDG 14 leaves several key challenges inadequately addressed or simply unaddressed. It fails to specify adequate principles for the fair sharing of benefits and burdens flowing from the ocean, including the burdens of tackling pressing environmental problems. Neither does it address the underlying causes of inequality in the ocean economy. It neglects to properly address, furthermore, the fragmented institutional context which significantly impedes effective action to advance the goals of justice and sustainability at sea. Finally, whereas SDG 14 correctly identifies a series of necessary reforms to the ocean economy, it fails to engage with important issues of transitional justice which will arise if these policies are implemented. Vital first step though it is, promoting a just and sustainable ocean will require us to set our sights considerably higher than the targets endorsed as part of SDG 14.
Ocean, Sustainable Development Goals, global justice, sustainability
1744-9626
239-255
Armstrong, Christopher
2fbfa0a3-9183-4562-9370-0f6441df90d2
Armstrong, Christopher
2fbfa0a3-9183-4562-9370-0f6441df90d2

Armstrong, Christopher (2020) Ocean Justice: SDG 14 and Beyond. Journal of Global Ethics, 16 (2), 239-255. (doi:10.1080/17449626.2020.1779113).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The ocean is central to our lives, but many of our impacts on the ocean are highly unsustainable, and patterns of resource exploitation at sea are deeply inequitable. This article assesses whether the objectives encapsulated in the UN’s Sustainable Development Goal for the ocean are well equipped to respond to these challenges. It will argue that the approach underpinned by the SDG 14 is largely compatible, unfortunately, with ‘business as usual.’ SDG 14 is undoubtedly intended as a starting point rather than a final destination; but it is nevertheless important to be clear about how far we still need to travel on the road to oceanic justice. Most significantly, SDG 14 leaves several key challenges inadequately addressed or simply unaddressed. It fails to specify adequate principles for the fair sharing of benefits and burdens flowing from the ocean, including the burdens of tackling pressing environmental problems. Neither does it address the underlying causes of inequality in the ocean economy. It neglects to properly address, furthermore, the fragmented institutional context which significantly impedes effective action to advance the goals of justice and sustainability at sea. Finally, whereas SDG 14 correctly identifies a series of necessary reforms to the ocean economy, it fails to engage with important issues of transitional justice which will arise if these policies are implemented. Vital first step though it is, promoting a just and sustainable ocean will require us to set our sights considerably higher than the targets endorsed as part of SDG 14.

Text
Final-Ocean-Justice---SDG-14-and-Beyond - for distribution - Accepted Manuscript
Restricted to Repository staff only until 18 November 2021.
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Accepted/In Press date: 18 May 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 25 June 2020
Keywords: Ocean, Sustainable Development Goals, global justice, sustainability

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 440997
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/440997
ISSN: 1744-9626
PURE UUID: 04248334-f963-4222-971c-5dcc3677fb3a
ORCID for Christopher Armstrong: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7462-5316

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 May 2020 16:36
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:06

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