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Heuristics: foundations for a novel approach to medical decision making

Heuristics: foundations for a novel approach to medical decision making
Heuristics: foundations for a novel approach to medical decision making

Medical decision-making is a complex process that often takes place during uncertainty, that is, when knowledge, time, and resources are limited. How can we ensure good decisions? We present research on heuristics—simple rules of thumb—and discuss how medical decision-making can benefit from these tools. We challenge the common view that heuristics are only second-best solutions by showing that they can be more accur ate, faster, and easier to apply in comparison to more complex strategies. Using the example of fast-and-frugal decision trees, we illustrate how heuristics can be studied and implemented in the medical context. Finally, we suggest how a heuristic-friendly culture supports the study and application of heuristics as complementary strategies to existing decision rules.

Bounded rationality, Decision tools, Heuristics, Medical decision making, Rules of thumb
1828-0447
195-203
Bodemer, Nicolai
829a6a53-4c1f-4c3c-8acd-51a505a6edf2
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba
Bodemer, Nicolai
829a6a53-4c1f-4c3c-8acd-51a505a6edf2
Hanoch, Yaniv
3cf08e80-8bda-4d3b-af1c-46c858aa9f39
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba

Bodemer, Nicolai, Hanoch, Yaniv and Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V. (2015) Heuristics: foundations for a novel approach to medical decision making. Internal and Emergency Medicine, 10 (2), 195-203. (doi:10.1007/s11739-014-1143-y).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Medical decision-making is a complex process that often takes place during uncertainty, that is, when knowledge, time, and resources are limited. How can we ensure good decisions? We present research on heuristics—simple rules of thumb—and discuss how medical decision-making can benefit from these tools. We challenge the common view that heuristics are only second-best solutions by showing that they can be more accur ate, faster, and easier to apply in comparison to more complex strategies. Using the example of fast-and-frugal decision trees, we illustrate how heuristics can be studied and implemented in the medical context. Finally, we suggest how a heuristic-friendly culture supports the study and application of heuristics as complementary strategies to existing decision rules.

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More information

Published date: 1 January 2015
Keywords: Bounded rationality, Decision tools, Heuristics, Medical decision making, Rules of thumb

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 441141
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/441141
ISSN: 1828-0447
PURE UUID: 5c0419cb-429e-4d3d-8b18-13e554c9c978
ORCID for Yaniv Hanoch: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-9453-4588
ORCID for Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9572-1980

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 02 Jun 2020 16:32
Last modified: 27 Apr 2022 02:15

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Contributors

Author: Nicolai Bodemer
Author: Yaniv Hanoch ORCID iD

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