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Opening the cuebox: The information children and young adults generate and rely on when making inferences from memory

Opening the cuebox: The information children and young adults generate and rely on when making inferences from memory
Opening the cuebox: The information children and young adults generate and rely on when making inferences from memory

We used a cue-generation and a cue-selection paradigm to investigate the cues children (9- to 12-year-olds) and young adults (17-year-olds) generate and select for a range of inferences from memory. We found that children generated more cues than young adults, who, when asked why they did not generate some particular cues, responded that they did not consider them relevant for the task at hand. On average, the cues generated by children were more perceptual but as informative as the cues generated by young adults. When asked to select the most informative of two cues, both children and young adults tended to choose a hidden (i.e., not perceptual) cue. Our results suggest a developmental change in the cuebox (i.e., the set of cues used to make inferences from memory): New cues are added to the cuebox as more cues are learned, and some old, perceptual cues, although informative, are replaced with hidden cues, which, by both children and young adults, are generally assumed to be more informative than perceptual cues.

Cue generation, Inferences, Information search
0261-510X
355-374
Ruggeri, Azzurra
5a2d2597-3638-4598-8a3a-6768a81d4e99
Olsson, Henrik
209f7fe0-cdc0-40c7-9775-c9e409a342f7
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba
Ruggeri, Azzurra
5a2d2597-3638-4598-8a3a-6768a81d4e99
Olsson, Henrik
209f7fe0-cdc0-40c7-9775-c9e409a342f7
Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V.
b97c23d9-8b24-4225-8da4-be7ac2a14fba

Ruggeri, Azzurra, Olsson, Henrik and Katsikopoulos, Konstantinos V. (2015) Opening the cuebox: The information children and young adults generate and rely on when making inferences from memory. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 33 (3), 355-374. (doi:10.1111/bjdp.12100).

Record type: Article

Abstract

We used a cue-generation and a cue-selection paradigm to investigate the cues children (9- to 12-year-olds) and young adults (17-year-olds) generate and select for a range of inferences from memory. We found that children generated more cues than young adults, who, when asked why they did not generate some particular cues, responded that they did not consider them relevant for the task at hand. On average, the cues generated by children were more perceptual but as informative as the cues generated by young adults. When asked to select the most informative of two cues, both children and young adults tended to choose a hidden (i.e., not perceptual) cue. Our results suggest a developmental change in the cuebox (i.e., the set of cues used to make inferences from memory): New cues are added to the cuebox as more cues are learned, and some old, perceptual cues, although informative, are replaced with hidden cues, which, by both children and young adults, are generally assumed to be more informative than perceptual cues.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 25 June 2015
Published date: September 2015
Keywords: Cue generation, Inferences, Information search

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 441187
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/441187
ISSN: 0261-510X
PURE UUID: 1a38e82a-0dfc-4889-9ecb-2b2010d6edcc
ORCID for Konstantinos V. Katsikopoulos: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9572-1980

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Date deposited: 04 Jun 2020 16:30
Last modified: 09 Jan 2022 03:55

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Contributors

Author: Azzurra Ruggeri
Author: Henrik Olsson

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