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England’s reserve Navy: the Ship Survey of 1572

England’s reserve Navy: the Ship Survey of 1572
England’s reserve Navy: the Ship Survey of 1572
The threats to Queen Elizabeth I from a possible Spanish invasion were real. The ‘Queens maiesties shipes’ in 1570 listed only twenty ships and three galleys. However, the merchant fleet could be requisitioned in an emergency, and Burghley ordered a survey of the merchant fleet, which was carried out by Thomas Colshill in 1572. Colshill was intimately acquainted with the merchant trade, having started in 1549 as supervisor of petty customs in London and appointed surveyor of great customs in London in 1572. He used the customs accounts to compile the survey, listing the head ports all the way round the coast from Newcastle to Chester. Under each port are listed all the ships in that port arranged by tonnage from the largest to the smallest, together with the master of that vessel.
Navy, Tudor, Ships
Lambert, Craig
ea7c6f02-8eff-4627-bfac-c6f8f26873a7
Baker, Gary P
8b75662d-9f7e-4306-80ee-e27b2c6af051
Lambert, Craig
ea7c6f02-8eff-4627-bfac-c6f8f26873a7
Baker, Gary P
8b75662d-9f7e-4306-80ee-e27b2c6af051

Lambert, Craig and Baker, Gary P (2018) England’s reserve Navy: the Ship Survey of 1572. Navy Record Society Magazine.

Record type: Article

Abstract

The threats to Queen Elizabeth I from a possible Spanish invasion were real. The ‘Queens maiesties shipes’ in 1570 listed only twenty ships and three galleys. However, the merchant fleet could be requisitioned in an emergency, and Burghley ordered a survey of the merchant fleet, which was carried out by Thomas Colshill in 1572. Colshill was intimately acquainted with the merchant trade, having started in 1549 as supervisor of petty customs in London and appointed surveyor of great customs in London in 1572. He used the customs accounts to compile the survey, listing the head ports all the way round the coast from Newcastle to Chester. Under each port are listed all the ships in that port arranged by tonnage from the largest to the smallest, together with the master of that vessel.

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More information

Published date: 17 January 2018
Keywords: Navy, Tudor, Ships

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 441208
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/441208
PURE UUID: 231133cc-f802-4dc0-b803-694fe4245760

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Jun 2020 16:31
Last modified: 04 Aug 2020 16:33

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