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Developing the premonitory urges for Tic Disorders Scale-Revised (PUTS-R)

Developing the premonitory urges for Tic Disorders Scale-Revised (PUTS-R)
Developing the premonitory urges for Tic Disorders Scale-Revised (PUTS-R)
Background: Patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) or chronic tic disorders frequently experience premonitory urges prior to tics. The “Premonitory Urges for Tic Disorders Scale” (PUTS) is commonly used in order to assess urge severity in patients with tics. Several studies suggest that the PUTS might measure more than one dimension of urges. These include the quality and severity of premonitory urges. Methods: This study aims to replicate and extend previous findings concerning the psychometric properties of the PUTS and its underlying dimensions in a large sample of 241 patients with GTS including both adults (n = 93; mean age = 34.2 +/- 12.84; 73 male) and minors (n = 148; mean age = 11.8 +/- 2.86; 123 male), pooled from three different recruitment sites. Results: Data analysis confirmed good reliability across the PUTS items for both minors and adults and acceptable item characteristics for items 2 - 8. A factor analysis of items 1-8 confirmed the existence of two factors in both age groups. 2 Conclusions: The results suggest that the PUTS might benefit from several further small modifications, such as rephrasing items 1 and 9 to increase convergence with the overall construct of the scale. Finally, we propose a revised version of the PUTS, consisting of two subscales: one for urge severity and another one for urge quality by including several new items.
PUTS-R, premonitory urge, psychometric properties, tics, tourette syndrome
1748-6645
129-142
Baumung, Leoni
d21b23be-e15b-4f52-8456-9ffd617412b6
Mueller-Vahl, Kirsten
aab5b3d0-a79f-4624-bed1-cfe272b6bcff
Dyke, Katherine
780b224f-f736-480c-9ec9-f21b509d654d
Jackson, Georgina
2cbc8992-8bba-4ae8-84e8-0a1e496d3cef
Jackson, Stephen
261e3bbe-d230-407a-aa97-d14537f2eeed
Golm, Dennis
ae337f61-561e-4d44-9cf3-3e5611c7b484
Münchau, Alexander
71ba2726-5453-49e1-a012-76278c311a50
Brandt, Valerie
e41f5832-70e4-407d-8a15-85b861761656
Baumung, Leoni
d21b23be-e15b-4f52-8456-9ffd617412b6
Mueller-Vahl, Kirsten
aab5b3d0-a79f-4624-bed1-cfe272b6bcff
Dyke, Katherine
780b224f-f736-480c-9ec9-f21b509d654d
Jackson, Georgina
2cbc8992-8bba-4ae8-84e8-0a1e496d3cef
Jackson, Stephen
261e3bbe-d230-407a-aa97-d14537f2eeed
Golm, Dennis
ae337f61-561e-4d44-9cf3-3e5611c7b484
Münchau, Alexander
71ba2726-5453-49e1-a012-76278c311a50
Brandt, Valerie
e41f5832-70e4-407d-8a15-85b861761656

Baumung, Leoni, Mueller-Vahl, Kirsten, Dyke, Katherine, Jackson, Georgina, Jackson, Stephen, Golm, Dennis, Münchau, Alexander and Brandt, Valerie (2020) Developing the premonitory urges for Tic Disorders Scale-Revised (PUTS-R). Journal of Neuropsychology, 129-142, [e12216]. (doi:10.1111/jnp.12216).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background: Patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) or chronic tic disorders frequently experience premonitory urges prior to tics. The “Premonitory Urges for Tic Disorders Scale” (PUTS) is commonly used in order to assess urge severity in patients with tics. Several studies suggest that the PUTS might measure more than one dimension of urges. These include the quality and severity of premonitory urges. Methods: This study aims to replicate and extend previous findings concerning the psychometric properties of the PUTS and its underlying dimensions in a large sample of 241 patients with GTS including both adults (n = 93; mean age = 34.2 +/- 12.84; 73 male) and minors (n = 148; mean age = 11.8 +/- 2.86; 123 male), pooled from three different recruitment sites. Results: Data analysis confirmed good reliability across the PUTS items for both minors and adults and acceptable item characteristics for items 2 - 8. A factor analysis of items 1-8 confirmed the existence of two factors in both age groups. 2 Conclusions: The results suggest that the PUTS might benefit from several further small modifications, such as rephrasing items 1 and 9 to increase convergence with the overall construct of the scale. Finally, we propose a revised version of the PUTS, consisting of two subscales: one for urge severity and another one for urge quality by including several new items.

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Accepted/In Press date: 19 May 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 16 June 2020
Additional Information: © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Neuropsychology published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of British Psychological Society.
Keywords: PUTS-R, premonitory urge, psychometric properties, tics, tourette syndrome

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 441535
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/441535
ISSN: 1748-6645
PURE UUID: 172dc9cc-df36-451b-ba1a-24ee5a8cc65f
ORCID for Dennis Golm: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-2950-7935

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Date deposited: 17 Jun 2020 16:30
Last modified: 05 Oct 2022 01:47

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Contributors

Author: Leoni Baumung
Author: Kirsten Mueller-Vahl
Author: Katherine Dyke
Author: Georgina Jackson
Author: Stephen Jackson
Author: Dennis Golm ORCID iD
Author: Alexander Münchau
Author: Valerie Brandt

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