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Design of a "green" one-step catalytic production of epsilon-caprolactam (precursor of nylon-6)

Record type: Article

The ever-increasing industrial demand for nylon-6 (polycaprolactam) necessitates the development of environmentally benign methods of producing its precursor, ?-caprolactam, from cyclohexanone. It is currently manufactured in two popular double-step processes, each of which uses highly aggressive reagents, and each generates substantial quantities of largely unwanted ammonium sulfate as by-product. Here we describe a viable laboratory-scale, single-step, solvent-free process of producing ?-caprolactam using a family of designed bifunctional, heterogeneous, nanoporous catalysts containing isolated acidic and redox sites, which smoothly convert cyclohexanone to ?-caprolactam with selectivities in the range 65–78% in air and ammonia at 80°C. The catalysts are microporous (pore diameter 7.3 Å) aluminophosphates in which small fractions of the Formula and Formula tetrahedra constituting the 4-connected open framework are replaced by Formula and Formula tetrahedra, which become the loci of the redox and acidic centers, respectively. The catalysts may be further optimized, and already may be so designed as to generate selectivities of ?80% for the intermediate oxime, formed from NH2OH, which is produced in situ within the pore system. The advantages of such designed heterogeneous catalysts, and their application to a range of other chemical conversions, are also adumbrated.

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Citation

Thomas, J.M. and Raja, R. (2005) Design of a "green" one-step catalytic production of epsilon-caprolactam (precursor of nylon-6) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 102, (39), pp. 13732-13736. (doi:10.1073/pnas.0506907102).

More information

Submitted date: May 2005
Published date: 15 September 2005
Keywords: SSHC, single-site heterogeneous catalysts, AlPOs, aluminophosphates, MAPOs, metal-substituted aluminophosphates
Organisations: Chemistry

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 44159
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/44159
ISSN: 0027-8424
PURE UUID: fc27b148-071f-44f2-919a-0affc2c48382
ORCID for R. Raja: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4161-7053

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Feb 2007
Last modified: 17 Jul 2017 15:15

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Contributors

Author: J.M. Thomas
Author: R. Raja ORCID iD

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