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A critical review of diet-related surveys in England, 1970-2018

A critical review of diet-related surveys in England, 1970-2018
A critical review of diet-related surveys in England, 1970-2018
Background
Many diet-related surveys have been conducted in England over the past four to five decades. Yet, diet-related ill-health is estimated to cost the NHS £5.8 billion annually. There has been no recent assessment of the diet-related surveys currently available in England. This paper aims to fill this gap in the literature by providing researchers, especially those interested in conducting secondary (quantitative) research on diet, with a detailed overview of the major repeated cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys conducted in England over the last 48 years (1970–2018).

Method
A three-stage review process was used to identify and assess surveys and synthesise the information necessary for achieving the paper’s aim. Surveys were identified using the UK Data Service, Cohort and Longitudinal Studies Enhancement Resources (CLOSER), the Medical Research Council (MRC) Cohort Directory and the Consumer Data Research Centre (CDRC) online data repositories/directories. Surveys were summarised to include a brief background, the survey design and methodology used, variables captured, the target population, level of geography covered, the type of dietary assessment method(s) used, primary data users, data accessibility, availability and costs, as well as key survey features and considerations.

Results
The key considerations identified across the various surveys following the review include: the overall survey design and the different dietary assessment method(s) used in each survey; methodological changes and general inconsistencies in the type and quantity of diet-related questions posed across and within surveys over time; and differences in the level of geography and target groups captured.

Conclusion
It is highly unlikely that any survey dataset will meet all the needs of researchers. Nevertheless, researchers are encouraged to make good use of the secondary data currently available, in order to conduct the research necessary for the creation of more evidence-based diet-related policies and interventions in England. The review process used in this paper is one that can be easily replicated and one which future studies can use to update and expand upon to assist researchers in identifying the survey(s) most aligned to their research questions.
Considerations, Diet and nutrition, Diet-related surveys, Dietary assessment methods, England, Key features, Repeated cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys, Researchers, Secondary data
2049-3258
Campbell, Monique Alayne
8e43da40-9608-4105-a629-98ce994e8832
Smith, Dianna
e859097c-f9f5-4fd0-8b07-59218648e726
Baird, Janis
f4bf2039-6118-436f-ab69-df8b4d17f824
Vogel, Christina
768f1dcd-2697-4aae-95cc-ee2f6d63dff5
Moon, Graham
68cffc4d-72c1-41e9-b1fa-1570c5f3a0b4
Campbell, Monique Alayne
8e43da40-9608-4105-a629-98ce994e8832
Smith, Dianna
e859097c-f9f5-4fd0-8b07-59218648e726
Baird, Janis
f4bf2039-6118-436f-ab69-df8b4d17f824
Vogel, Christina
768f1dcd-2697-4aae-95cc-ee2f6d63dff5
Moon, Graham
68cffc4d-72c1-41e9-b1fa-1570c5f3a0b4

Campbell, Monique Alayne, Smith, Dianna, Baird, Janis, Vogel, Christina and Moon, Graham (2020) A critical review of diet-related surveys in England, 1970-2018. Archives of Public Health, 78 (1), [66]. (doi:10.1186/s13690-020-00447-6).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Background
Many diet-related surveys have been conducted in England over the past four to five decades. Yet, diet-related ill-health is estimated to cost the NHS £5.8 billion annually. There has been no recent assessment of the diet-related surveys currently available in England. This paper aims to fill this gap in the literature by providing researchers, especially those interested in conducting secondary (quantitative) research on diet, with a detailed overview of the major repeated cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys conducted in England over the last 48 years (1970–2018).

Method
A three-stage review process was used to identify and assess surveys and synthesise the information necessary for achieving the paper’s aim. Surveys were identified using the UK Data Service, Cohort and Longitudinal Studies Enhancement Resources (CLOSER), the Medical Research Council (MRC) Cohort Directory and the Consumer Data Research Centre (CDRC) online data repositories/directories. Surveys were summarised to include a brief background, the survey design and methodology used, variables captured, the target population, level of geography covered, the type of dietary assessment method(s) used, primary data users, data accessibility, availability and costs, as well as key survey features and considerations.

Results
The key considerations identified across the various surveys following the review include: the overall survey design and the different dietary assessment method(s) used in each survey; methodological changes and general inconsistencies in the type and quantity of diet-related questions posed across and within surveys over time; and differences in the level of geography and target groups captured.

Conclusion
It is highly unlikely that any survey dataset will meet all the needs of researchers. Nevertheless, researchers are encouraged to make good use of the secondary data currently available, in order to conduct the research necessary for the creation of more evidence-based diet-related policies and interventions in England. The review process used in this paper is one that can be easily replicated and one which future studies can use to update and expand upon to assist researchers in identifying the survey(s) most aligned to their research questions.

Text
13690_2020_447_Author_Proofaccepted draft jul12_2020 - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 7 July 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 20 July 2020
Keywords: Considerations, Diet and nutrition, Diet-related surveys, Dietary assessment methods, England, Key features, Repeated cross-sectional and longitudinal surveys, Researchers, Secondary data

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 442592
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/442592
ISSN: 2049-3258
PURE UUID: ca967d5c-789d-4eec-a9a1-3ee3500e1534
ORCID for Dianna Smith: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0650-6606
ORCID for Janis Baird: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4039-4361
ORCID for Christina Vogel: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3897-3786
ORCID for Graham Moon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7256-8397

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 20 Jul 2020 16:36
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 06:34

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