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Hard-X-ray-selected active galactic nuclei - I. A radio view at high frequencies

Hard-X-ray-selected active galactic nuclei - I. A radio view at high frequencies
Hard-X-ray-selected active galactic nuclei - I. A radio view at high frequencies
A thorough study of radio emission in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) is of fundamental importance to understand the physical mechanisms responsible for the emission and the interplay between accretion and ejection processes. High frequency radio observations can target the nuclear contribution of smaller emitting regions and areless affected by absorption. We present JVLA 22 and 45 GHz observations of 16 nearby (0.003≤z≤0.3) hard - X-rays selected AGN at the (sub)-kpc scale with tens μJy beam−1 sensitivity. We detected 15/16 sources, with flux densities ranging from hundreds μJy to tens Jy (specific luminosities from ∼1020 to ∼1025W Hz−1at 22 GHz). All detected sources host a compact core, with 8 being core-dominated at either frequencies, the others exhibiting also extended structures. Spectral indices range from steep to flat/inverted. We interpret this evidence as either due to a core+jet system (6/15), a core accompanied by surrounding star formation (1/15), to a jet oriented close to the line of sight (3/15), to emission from a corona or the base of a jet (1/15), although there might be degeneracies between different processes. Four sources require more data to shed light on their nature. We conclude that, at these frequencies, extended, optically-thin components are present together with the flat-spectrum core. The LR/LX ∼ 10−5 relation is roughly followed, indicating a possible contribution to radio emission from a hot corona. A weakly significant correlation between radio core (22 and 45 GHz) and X-rays luminosities is discussed in the light of an accretion-ejection framework.
0035-8711
Chiaraluce, E.
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Panessa, F.
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Bruni, G.
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Baldi, R.D.
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Behar, E.
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Vagnetti, F.
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Tombesi, F.
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McHardy, Ian
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Chiaraluce, E.
9a64beb6-1801-403b-96c3-473d0b1ba322
Panessa, F.
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Bruni, G.
e0916eaf-12cd-4c1f-b806-d2b895b8e659
Baldi, R.D.
ceae4be6-1293-4137-88b4-ed8472372f8c
Behar, E.
3605d9d6-3676-42f4-ae8d-058c943afd56
Vagnetti, F.
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Tombesi, F.
04372ed7-bcb4-4a92-986c-16a22de0f1a0
McHardy, Ian
4f215137-9cc4-4a08-982e-772a0b24c17e

Chiaraluce, E., Panessa, F., Bruni, G., Baldi, R.D., Behar, E., Vagnetti, F., Tombesi, F. and McHardy, Ian (2020) Hard-X-ray-selected active galactic nuclei - I. A radio view at high frequencies. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

A thorough study of radio emission in Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN) is of fundamental importance to understand the physical mechanisms responsible for the emission and the interplay between accretion and ejection processes. High frequency radio observations can target the nuclear contribution of smaller emitting regions and areless affected by absorption. We present JVLA 22 and 45 GHz observations of 16 nearby (0.003≤z≤0.3) hard - X-rays selected AGN at the (sub)-kpc scale with tens μJy beam−1 sensitivity. We detected 15/16 sources, with flux densities ranging from hundreds μJy to tens Jy (specific luminosities from ∼1020 to ∼1025W Hz−1at 22 GHz). All detected sources host a compact core, with 8 being core-dominated at either frequencies, the others exhibiting also extended structures. Spectral indices range from steep to flat/inverted. We interpret this evidence as either due to a core+jet system (6/15), a core accompanied by surrounding star formation (1/15), to a jet oriented close to the line of sight (3/15), to emission from a corona or the base of a jet (1/15), although there might be degeneracies between different processes. Four sources require more data to shed light on their nature. We conclude that, at these frequencies, extended, optically-thin components are present together with the flat-spectrum core. The LR/LX ∼ 10−5 relation is roughly followed, indicating a possible contribution to radio emission from a hot corona. A weakly significant correlation between radio core (22 and 45 GHz) and X-rays luminosities is discussed in the light of an accretion-ejection framework.

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Hard-X-ray-selected active galactic nuclei - I. A radio view at high frequencies - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 18 May 2020
Additional Information: arxiv is am

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Local EPrints ID: 443260
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/443260
ISSN: 0035-8711
PURE UUID: 21f50961-dac6-4e66-8575-0c8899d2bebb

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Date deposited: 19 Aug 2020 16:32
Last modified: 12 Dec 2021 10:34

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Contributors

Author: E. Chiaraluce
Author: F. Panessa
Author: G. Bruni
Author: R.D. Baldi
Author: E. Behar
Author: F. Vagnetti
Author: F. Tombesi
Author: Ian McHardy

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