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Activity-specific mobility of adults in a rural region of western Kenya

Activity-specific mobility of adults in a rural region of western Kenya
Activity-specific mobility of adults in a rural region of western Kenya
Improving rural household access to resources such as markets, schools and healthcare can help alleviate poverty in low-income settings. Current models of geographic accessibility to various resources rarely take individual variation into account due to a lack of appropriate data, yet understanding mobility at an individual level is key to knowing how people access their local resources. Our study used both an activity-specific survey and GPS trackers to evaluate how adults in a rural area of western Kenya accessed local resources. We calculated the travel time and time spent at six different types of resource and compared the GPS and survey data to see how well they matched. We found links between several demographic characteristics and the time spent at different resources, and that the GPS data reflected the survey data well for time spent at some types of resource, but poorly for others. We conclude that demography and activity are important drivers of mobility, and a better understanding of individual variation in mobility could be obtained through the use of GPS trackers on a wider scale.
Activity, GPS, Mobility, Resource access
2167-8359
Floyd, Jessica
8a7cfe57-fda6-4fcf-9b0b-caee1a4abc15
Ogola, Joseph
359c8a9f-1e6d-42ab-a54c-f7a705afa78b
Fèvre, Eric M
d1fc8e05-7138-4a8d-bdcb-0cb8eb6bb6a3
Wardrop, Nicola
4c02b90b-87f8-4622-aeb2-a7e443c47a44
Tatem, Andrew
6c6de104-a5f9-46e0-bb93-a1a7c980513e
Ruktanonchai, Nick
fe68cb8d-3760-4955-99fa-47d43f86580a
Floyd, Jessica
8a7cfe57-fda6-4fcf-9b0b-caee1a4abc15
Ogola, Joseph
359c8a9f-1e6d-42ab-a54c-f7a705afa78b
Fèvre, Eric M
d1fc8e05-7138-4a8d-bdcb-0cb8eb6bb6a3
Wardrop, Nicola
4c02b90b-87f8-4622-aeb2-a7e443c47a44
Tatem, Andrew
6c6de104-a5f9-46e0-bb93-a1a7c980513e
Ruktanonchai, Nick
fe68cb8d-3760-4955-99fa-47d43f86580a

Floyd, Jessica, Ogola, Joseph, Fèvre, Eric M, Wardrop, Nicola, Tatem, Andrew and Ruktanonchai, Nick (2020) Activity-specific mobility of adults in a rural region of western Kenya. PeerJ, 2020 (4), [8798]. (doi:10.7717/peerj.8798).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Improving rural household access to resources such as markets, schools and healthcare can help alleviate poverty in low-income settings. Current models of geographic accessibility to various resources rarely take individual variation into account due to a lack of appropriate data, yet understanding mobility at an individual level is key to knowing how people access their local resources. Our study used both an activity-specific survey and GPS trackers to evaluate how adults in a rural area of western Kenya accessed local resources. We calculated the travel time and time spent at six different types of resource and compared the GPS and survey data to see how well they matched. We found links between several demographic characteristics and the time spent at different resources, and that the GPS data reflected the survey data well for time spent at some types of resource, but poorly for others. We conclude that demography and activity are important drivers of mobility, and a better understanding of individual variation in mobility could be obtained through the use of GPS trackers on a wider scale.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 25 February 2020
Published date: 29 April 2020
Keywords: Activity, GPS, Mobility, Resource access

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 443861
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/443861
ISSN: 2167-8359
PURE UUID: f78e6055-5a52-4f00-9ba3-fd56dac68da0
ORCID for Andrew Tatem: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-7270-941X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Sep 2020 16:32
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:19

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