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Life events and changes in health-related behaviours: an investigation using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing

Life events and changes in health-related behaviours: an investigation using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
Life events and changes in health-related behaviours: an investigation using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing
The thesis uses data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) to investigate the topic of health behaviours change as associated with life events, with a particular attention on their timing. By reviewing the extensive literature on the health of the elderly people, the health inequalities and the health behaviours according to a life course approach, three research questions are addressed. Is there any relationship between the occurrence of certain life events and the change(s) in health related behaviours? Is there any association between the age when experiencing certain life events and the change(s) in health-related behaviours? Are there any differences by gender? In particular, three studies, presented in three separated chapters, and focusing on different behaviours and events, are conducted in order to explore this fascinating area of research. Each analysis concerns a particular stage of life, i.e. adult age, mid-life and adult/old age. Chapter 3 deals with smoking cessation as associated with two events usually happening in early adulthood, i.e. the birth of the first child and the first marriage, by a gender perspective. It uses Life History Interview, which provides retrospective information on several life domains and, in particular, on when people started and stopped smoking. Chapter 4 focuses on women and on the menopause as related to changes in frequency level of alcohol intake and physical activity engagement. A multilevel longitudinal analysis employing four couples of ELSA waves is conducted in order to examine changes in behaviours as associated with menopausal process stages. Chapter 5 investigates the transition into retirement as associated with changes in smoking, drinking and physical activity, and use waves 4-8. Overall, results suggest that selected life events and, in particular, specific phases of the transition to the event, as well as the age at experiencing them may play a role in the context of behaviours change. Further research is needed to assess whether the association between changes in health behaviours and timing of life events is verified in other settings, for other behaviours, and by using other analytic approaches.
University of Southampton
La Valle, Maria Herica
fe1168b1-fd30-46a9-b5ac-a4aa3c3202ba
La Valle, Maria Herica
fe1168b1-fd30-46a9-b5ac-a4aa3c3202ba
Channon, Andrew Amos
5a60607c-6861-4960-a81d-504169d5880c

La Valle, Maria Herica (2019) Life events and changes in health-related behaviours: an investigation using the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 176pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

The thesis uses data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) to investigate the topic of health behaviours change as associated with life events, with a particular attention on their timing. By reviewing the extensive literature on the health of the elderly people, the health inequalities and the health behaviours according to a life course approach, three research questions are addressed. Is there any relationship between the occurrence of certain life events and the change(s) in health related behaviours? Is there any association between the age when experiencing certain life events and the change(s) in health-related behaviours? Are there any differences by gender? In particular, three studies, presented in three separated chapters, and focusing on different behaviours and events, are conducted in order to explore this fascinating area of research. Each analysis concerns a particular stage of life, i.e. adult age, mid-life and adult/old age. Chapter 3 deals with smoking cessation as associated with two events usually happening in early adulthood, i.e. the birth of the first child and the first marriage, by a gender perspective. It uses Life History Interview, which provides retrospective information on several life domains and, in particular, on when people started and stopped smoking. Chapter 4 focuses on women and on the menopause as related to changes in frequency level of alcohol intake and physical activity engagement. A multilevel longitudinal analysis employing four couples of ELSA waves is conducted in order to examine changes in behaviours as associated with menopausal process stages. Chapter 5 investigates the transition into retirement as associated with changes in smoking, drinking and physical activity, and use waves 4-8. Overall, results suggest that selected life events and, in particular, specific phases of the transition to the event, as well as the age at experiencing them may play a role in the context of behaviours change. Further research is needed to assess whether the association between changes in health behaviours and timing of life events is verified in other settings, for other behaviours, and by using other analytic approaches.

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Published date: April 2019

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444057
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444057
PURE UUID: 95ac8790-a56b-4f01-9f77-4b0a5ef74341
ORCID for Andrew Amos Channon: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4855-0418

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 23 Sep 2020 16:50
Last modified: 13 Dec 2021 02:53

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Contributors

Author: Maria Herica La Valle
Thesis advisor: Andrew Amos Channon ORCID iD

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