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Numerical modelling of a municipal waste disposal as a bio- chemo- thermo- hydro-mechanical problem

Numerical modelling of a municipal waste disposal as a bio- chemo- thermo- hydro-mechanical problem
Numerical modelling of a municipal waste disposal as a bio- chemo- thermo- hydro-mechanical problem
This paper considers the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as a multi-physics porous medium, where Bio-Chemo-Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical phenomena have a dominant effect on the long term behavior. Considering MSW in a bioreactor landfill provides a perfect application for coupled and multiphysics phenomena. A two-stage anaerobic biochemical model based on McDougall’s formulation is considered accounting for the progressive degradation of the organic matter. In presence of water, this latter decomposition is an exothermic reaction leading to an increase of the temperature, a generation of by-products as gases and chemical species, and finally compaction of the waste. The proposed model couples McDougall’s formulation with an unsaturated flow model, a thermal model including a source term for heat generation from the biodegradation of organic matter and finally a mechanical model. As proposed by [Hue97], the constitutive law is a modified Camclay model allowing biochemical hardening/softening. The fully coupled model is implemented into the LAGAMINE multi-physics finite element code. Numerical simulations are performed to study the couplings between all the phenomena and to propose a prediction for the long-term settlement of a bioreactor landfill. The first part of this paper introduces the main features of the BCHTM model. The second part deals with its application to the fully coupled modelling of a 1D column of waste. Each physical phenomenon is introduced sequentially in order to understand its effect on the evolution of the waste column. Analytical solutions are provided for each simplified physical problem in order to validate the numerical results and to isolate the influence of the main parameters.
259-281
ALERT Geomaterials
Collin, Frédéric
27fa6a2d-f8e2-473f-a3b2-070eca6a9c3a
Hubert, Julien
89db30a1-1032-4e22-a22c-2d8d24d674f5
Liu, X. F.
33236653-6b6c-41d2-83a4-99550ca03ff1
Cerfontaine, Benjamin
0730daf4-9d6b-4f2d-a848-a3fc54505a02
Schrefler, B.A.
Sanavia, L.
Collin, Frédéric
Collin, Frédéric
27fa6a2d-f8e2-473f-a3b2-070eca6a9c3a
Hubert, Julien
89db30a1-1032-4e22-a22c-2d8d24d674f5
Liu, X. F.
33236653-6b6c-41d2-83a4-99550ca03ff1
Cerfontaine, Benjamin
0730daf4-9d6b-4f2d-a848-a3fc54505a02
Schrefler, B.A.
Sanavia, L.
Collin, Frédéric

Collin, Frédéric, Hubert, Julien, Liu, X. F. and Cerfontaine, Benjamin (2015) Numerical modelling of a municipal waste disposal as a bio- chemo- thermo- hydro-mechanical problem. In, Schrefler, B.A., Sanavia, L. and Collin, Frédéric (eds.) Coupled and multiphysics phenomena: 26th ALERT Doctoral School 2015. France. ALERT Geomaterials, pp. 259-281.

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

This paper considers the Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as a multi-physics porous medium, where Bio-Chemo-Thermo-Hydro-Mechanical phenomena have a dominant effect on the long term behavior. Considering MSW in a bioreactor landfill provides a perfect application for coupled and multiphysics phenomena. A two-stage anaerobic biochemical model based on McDougall’s formulation is considered accounting for the progressive degradation of the organic matter. In presence of water, this latter decomposition is an exothermic reaction leading to an increase of the temperature, a generation of by-products as gases and chemical species, and finally compaction of the waste. The proposed model couples McDougall’s formulation with an unsaturated flow model, a thermal model including a source term for heat generation from the biodegradation of organic matter and finally a mechanical model. As proposed by [Hue97], the constitutive law is a modified Camclay model allowing biochemical hardening/softening. The fully coupled model is implemented into the LAGAMINE multi-physics finite element code. Numerical simulations are performed to study the couplings between all the phenomena and to propose a prediction for the long-term settlement of a bioreactor landfill. The first part of this paper introduces the main features of the BCHTM model. The second part deals with its application to the fully coupled modelling of a 1D column of waste. Each physical phenomenon is introduced sequentially in order to understand its effect on the evolution of the waste column. Analytical solutions are provided for each simplified physical problem in order to validate the numerical results and to isolate the influence of the main parameters.

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Published date: 2015

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444215
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444215
PURE UUID: fdeb8871-16e8-4f58-af54-44c20943ad54
ORCID for Benjamin Cerfontaine: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4833-9412

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Date deposited: 01 Oct 2020 16:34
Last modified: 02 Oct 2020 01:53

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Contributors

Author: Frédéric Collin
Author: Julien Hubert
Author: X. F. Liu
Editor: B.A. Schrefler
Editor: L. Sanavia
Editor: Frédéric Collin

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