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Landscape development at Lina myr fen, Eastern Gotland, 9000-2500 cal. yr BP

Landscape development at Lina myr fen, Eastern Gotland, 9000-2500 cal. yr BP
Landscape development at Lina myr fen, Eastern Gotland, 9000-2500 cal. yr BP

Using diatoms, pollen, and geochemistry, we explore human habitation around Lina myr, Gotland, in relation to shore displacement. Archeological evidence has shown that Lina myr was an important area for its prehistoric human inhabitants. We investigate if and when Lina myr was connected to the sea and could therefore have been part of an inland water system useful for transport. A chronology was based on 14C AMS dating of terrestrial macrofossils and bulk sediments with dates ranging between 9100 and 2360 cal. yr BP. The initiation of the Littorina transgression was dated to 8500 cal. yr BP. A twofold pattern for the maximum sub-phase of the Littorina Sea is suggested from 8100 to 7500 cal. yr BP and from 6500 to 6000 cal. yr BP. The onset of cultivation and grazing was indicated by the presence of Hordeum and Plantago lanceolata in the pollen record during the Late Neolithic, at about 4580 cal. yr BP. During this time sea level was relatively higher than today and the Lina myr basin was connected with the Littorina Sea, which it continued to be until isostatic uplift caused it to become isolated at about 3820 cal. yr BP. After about 3000 cal. yr BP, human-made landscape changes intensified, grasslands increased, and shrublands decreased.

Baltic Sea, Gotland, Littorina transgression, archeology, diatoms, human impacts, pollen, shore displacement
0959-6836
1205-1219
Strandberg, Nichola Ann
a583f84b-1ba7-48dc-9c12-28d6ad279d1f
Barliaev, Aleftin
075ac13a-9f10-4e92-b5b6-2f3baf39bd71
Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
60f798a2-5a5c-475e-b132-2d533e86226a
Risberg, Jan
ee4518e8-1459-499d-a91f-d4b7e7d8b414
Hattestrand, Martina
d5124f4f-3cca-4cbf-8048-9445803bc509
Croudace, Ian
24deb068-d096-485e-8a23-a32b7a68afaf
Kylander, Malin
e6f30a28-6b9f-4dea-8118-8b49e5f884e8
Yokoyama, Yusuke
d5c2a371-9906-46e3-ad07-1b8791d0c6c1
Strandberg, Nichola Ann
a583f84b-1ba7-48dc-9c12-28d6ad279d1f
Barliaev, Aleftin
075ac13a-9f10-4e92-b5b6-2f3baf39bd71
Martinsson-Wallin, Helene
60f798a2-5a5c-475e-b132-2d533e86226a
Risberg, Jan
ee4518e8-1459-499d-a91f-d4b7e7d8b414
Hattestrand, Martina
d5124f4f-3cca-4cbf-8048-9445803bc509
Croudace, Ian
24deb068-d096-485e-8a23-a32b7a68afaf
Kylander, Malin
e6f30a28-6b9f-4dea-8118-8b49e5f884e8
Yokoyama, Yusuke
d5c2a371-9906-46e3-ad07-1b8791d0c6c1

Strandberg, Nichola Ann, Barliaev, Aleftin, Martinsson-Wallin, Helene, Risberg, Jan, Hattestrand, Martina, Croudace, Ian, Kylander, Malin and Yokoyama, Yusuke (2020) Landscape development at Lina myr fen, Eastern Gotland, 9000-2500 cal. yr BP. Holocene, 30 (8), 1205-1219. (doi:10.1177/0959683620913919).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Using diatoms, pollen, and geochemistry, we explore human habitation around Lina myr, Gotland, in relation to shore displacement. Archeological evidence has shown that Lina myr was an important area for its prehistoric human inhabitants. We investigate if and when Lina myr was connected to the sea and could therefore have been part of an inland water system useful for transport. A chronology was based on 14C AMS dating of terrestrial macrofossils and bulk sediments with dates ranging between 9100 and 2360 cal. yr BP. The initiation of the Littorina transgression was dated to 8500 cal. yr BP. A twofold pattern for the maximum sub-phase of the Littorina Sea is suggested from 8100 to 7500 cal. yr BP and from 6500 to 6000 cal. yr BP. The onset of cultivation and grazing was indicated by the presence of Hordeum and Plantago lanceolata in the pollen record during the Late Neolithic, at about 4580 cal. yr BP. During this time sea level was relatively higher than today and the Lina myr basin was connected with the Littorina Sea, which it continued to be until isostatic uplift caused it to become isolated at about 3820 cal. yr BP. After about 3000 cal. yr BP, human-made landscape changes intensified, grasslands increased, and shrublands decreased.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 27 February 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 22 April 2020
Published date: 1 August 2020
Keywords: Baltic Sea, Gotland, Littorina transgression, archeology, diatoms, human impacts, pollen, shore displacement

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444607
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444607
ISSN: 0959-6836
PURE UUID: c8121318-8cb2-4feb-8c37-645c6e7ab1a7
ORCID for Nichola Ann Strandberg: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1268-2080

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 27 Oct 2020 19:55
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 03:17

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Contributors

Author: Aleftin Barliaev
Author: Helene Martinsson-Wallin
Author: Jan Risberg
Author: Martina Hattestrand
Author: Ian Croudace
Author: Malin Kylander
Author: Yusuke Yokoyama

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