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A tale of two airfoils: resolvent-based modelling of an oscillator versus an amplifier from an experimental mean

A tale of two airfoils: resolvent-based modelling of an oscillator versus an amplifier from an experimental mean
A tale of two airfoils: resolvent-based modelling of an oscillator versus an amplifier from an experimental mean
The flows around a NACA 0018 airfoil at a chord-based Reynolds number of Re=10250 and angles of attack of α=0∘ and α=10∘ are modelled using resolvent analysis and limited experimental measurements obtained from particle image velocimetry. The experimental mean velocity fields are data assimilated so that they are solutions of the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations forced by Reynolds stress terms which are derived from experimental data. Resolvent analysis of the data-assimilated mean velocity fields reveals low-rank behaviour only in the vicinity of the shedding frequency for α=0∘ and none of its harmonics. The resolvent operator for the α=10∘ case, on the other hand, identifies two linear mechanisms whose frequencies are a close match with those identified by spectral proper orthogonal decomposition. It is also shown that the second linear mechanism, corresponding to the Kelvin–Helmholtz instability in the shear layer, cannot be identified just by considering the time-averaged experimental measurements as an input for resolvent analysis due to missing data near the leading edge. For both cases, resolvent modes resemble those from spectral proper orthogonal decomposition when the resolvent operator is low rank. The α=0∘ case is classified as an oscillator and its harmonics, where the resolvent operator is not low rank, are modelled using parasitic modes as opposed to classical resolvent modes which are the most amplified. The α=10∘ case behaves more like an amplifier and its nonlinear forcing is far less structured. The two cases suggest that resolvent-based modelling can be achieved for more complex flows with limited experimental measurements.
separated flows, vortex streets, wakes
0022-1120
51-83
Symon, Sean
2e1580c3-ba27-46e8-9736-531099f3d850
Sipp, Denis
58cb1e91-b79e-4efe-aef6-929384921418
McKeon, Beverley J.
4623066f-492f-4944-a541-151a6a130402
Symon, Sean
2e1580c3-ba27-46e8-9736-531099f3d850
Sipp, Denis
58cb1e91-b79e-4efe-aef6-929384921418
McKeon, Beverley J.
4623066f-492f-4944-a541-151a6a130402

Symon, Sean, Sipp, Denis and McKeon, Beverley J. (2020) A tale of two airfoils: resolvent-based modelling of an oscillator versus an amplifier from an experimental mean. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 881, 51-83. (doi:10.1017/jfm.2019.747).

Record type: Article

Abstract

The flows around a NACA 0018 airfoil at a chord-based Reynolds number of Re=10250 and angles of attack of α=0∘ and α=10∘ are modelled using resolvent analysis and limited experimental measurements obtained from particle image velocimetry. The experimental mean velocity fields are data assimilated so that they are solutions of the incompressible Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes equations forced by Reynolds stress terms which are derived from experimental data. Resolvent analysis of the data-assimilated mean velocity fields reveals low-rank behaviour only in the vicinity of the shedding frequency for α=0∘ and none of its harmonics. The resolvent operator for the α=10∘ case, on the other hand, identifies two linear mechanisms whose frequencies are a close match with those identified by spectral proper orthogonal decomposition. It is also shown that the second linear mechanism, corresponding to the Kelvin–Helmholtz instability in the shear layer, cannot be identified just by considering the time-averaged experimental measurements as an input for resolvent analysis due to missing data near the leading edge. For both cases, resolvent modes resemble those from spectral proper orthogonal decomposition when the resolvent operator is low rank. The α=0∘ case is classified as an oscillator and its harmonics, where the resolvent operator is not low rank, are modelled using parasitic modes as opposed to classical resolvent modes which are the most amplified. The α=10∘ case behaves more like an amplifier and its nonlinear forcing is far less structured. The two cases suggest that resolvent-based modelling can be achieved for more complex flows with limited experimental measurements.

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More information

e-pub ahead of print date: 24 October 2019
Published date: 25 March 2020
Keywords: separated flows, vortex streets, wakes

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444782
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444782
ISSN: 0022-1120
PURE UUID: 94810be3-bcce-40bc-92d0-06a582d66c17

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Date deposited: 04 Nov 2020 17:31
Last modified: 14 Sep 2021 20:15

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Contributors

Author: Sean Symon
Author: Denis Sipp
Author: Beverley J. McKeon

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