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Syntactic co-activation in natural reading

Syntactic co-activation in natural reading
Syntactic co-activation in natural reading
Recent evidence suggests that bilingual individuals co-activate the syntactic rules of both languages. However, the extent to which syntactic co-activation occurs during natural reading is currently unknown. Here, we measured the eye movements of Welsh-English bilinguals as they read English sentences. We also tested a control group of English monolinguals. Target words were manipulated to create nonwords that were consistent or inconsistent with the rules of Welsh soft mutation (a morphosyntactic process that alters the initial consonant of words). Nonwords were only visible in parafoveal preview, and a direct fixation triggered the presentation of the normal English word. Linear mixed effects analyses revealed a robust parafoveal preview benefit for identity previews (television) compared with mutated (delevision) and aberrant previews (belevision), and a parafoveal-on-foveal effect in our bilingual, but not our monolingual, sample. Bilingual readers’ sentence reanalysis was affected by the implicit Welsh mutation, but only in contexts that would elicit a mutation in Welsh. Our findings suggest that morphosyntactic rules are co-activated during natural reading, however further investigations are needed to evaluate the robustness of this effect.
1350-6285
Vaughan-Evans, Awel
f8b57c2e-ddd3-4fbd-9e8a-2edd3c9e4827
Liversedge, Simon P.
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee
Fitzsimmons, Gemma
ac6b7c69-8992-44f1-92ca-05aa22e75129
Jones, Manon
7ccbf770-35fa-4b4f-8633-4f97af1c7cf0
Vaughan-Evans, Awel
f8b57c2e-ddd3-4fbd-9e8a-2edd3c9e4827
Liversedge, Simon P.
3ebda3f3-d930-4f89-85d5-5654d8fe7dee
Fitzsimmons, Gemma
ac6b7c69-8992-44f1-92ca-05aa22e75129
Jones, Manon
7ccbf770-35fa-4b4f-8633-4f97af1c7cf0

Vaughan-Evans, Awel, Liversedge, Simon P., Fitzsimmons, Gemma and Jones, Manon (2020) Syntactic co-activation in natural reading. Visual Cognition. (doi:10.1080/13506285.2020.1841866). (In Press)

Record type: Article

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that bilingual individuals co-activate the syntactic rules of both languages. However, the extent to which syntactic co-activation occurs during natural reading is currently unknown. Here, we measured the eye movements of Welsh-English bilinguals as they read English sentences. We also tested a control group of English monolinguals. Target words were manipulated to create nonwords that were consistent or inconsistent with the rules of Welsh soft mutation (a morphosyntactic process that alters the initial consonant of words). Nonwords were only visible in parafoveal preview, and a direct fixation triggered the presentation of the normal English word. Linear mixed effects analyses revealed a robust parafoveal preview benefit for identity previews (television) compared with mutated (delevision) and aberrant previews (belevision), and a parafoveal-on-foveal effect in our bilingual, but not our monolingual, sample. Bilingual readers’ sentence reanalysis was affected by the implicit Welsh mutation, but only in contexts that would elicit a mutation in Welsh. Our findings suggest that morphosyntactic rules are co-activated during natural reading, however further investigations are needed to evaluate the robustness of this effect.

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Accepted/In Press date: 20 October 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444872
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444872
ISSN: 1350-6285
PURE UUID: 0b60c5fc-aae4-4fdf-a84e-2979ee8f1637
ORCID for Gemma Fitzsimmons: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4519-0499

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Date deposited: 09 Nov 2020 17:30
Last modified: 09 Nov 2020 17:30

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