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Congestion, allocation and competition on the railway tracks

Congestion, allocation and competition on the railway tracks
Congestion, allocation and competition on the railway tracks
Although railways are traditionally a closed system, with centralised control, they can still experience congestion in the form of delays due to perturbations in demand and supply. Such congestion increases exponentially with capacity utilisation. Traditionally, on-track competition between railway companies has been limited and capacity has been allocated using administrative procedures. More recently, as railways have been opened up to competition, market-based allocation mechanisms have been developed, often overseen by an independent regulator. These include track access charges based on short run marginal cost, long run incremental costs and various forms of fully allocated costs. These access mechanisms are reviewed in light of increasing competition in railways, both on- and off-track, and their prospects are assessed in the light of emergent digital technologies.
Capacity Allocation, congestion, Digitisation, On-track Competition, Off-track Competition, Railways, Regulation, Track Access Charges
378-384
Elsevier
Preston, Jonathan
ef81c42e-c896-4768-92d1-052662037f0b
Armstrong, John
5fafa91e-39c1-4d1d-a331-564558aaa638
Preston, Jonathan
ef81c42e-c896-4768-92d1-052662037f0b
Armstrong, John
5fafa91e-39c1-4d1d-a331-564558aaa638

Preston, Jonathan and Armstrong, John (2021) Congestion, allocation and competition on the railway tracks. In, International Encyclopedia of Transportation. Elsevier, pp. 378-384.

Record type: Book Section

Abstract

Although railways are traditionally a closed system, with centralised control, they can still experience congestion in the form of delays due to perturbations in demand and supply. Such congestion increases exponentially with capacity utilisation. Traditionally, on-track competition between railway companies has been limited and capacity has been allocated using administrative procedures. More recently, as railways have been opened up to competition, market-based allocation mechanisms have been developed, often overseen by an independent regulator. These include track access charges based on short run marginal cost, long run incremental costs and various forms of fully allocated costs. These access mechanisms are reviewed in light of increasing competition in railways, both on- and off-track, and their prospects are assessed in the light of emergent digital technologies.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2 November 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 May 2021
Keywords: Capacity Allocation, congestion, Digitisation, On-track Competition, Off-track Competition, Railways, Regulation, Track Access Charges

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 444908
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/444908
PURE UUID: 54dead5d-d5a1-4d20-a3b7-db56e99de5fc
ORCID for Jonathan Preston: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6866-049X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 11 Nov 2020 17:31
Last modified: 22 Nov 2021 02:53

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