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Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe

Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe
Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe
1.Oyster reefs are among the most threatened marine habitats globally. In Europe, oyster reefs have been extirpated from most locations within their historical range. Active restoration of the native oyster (Ostrea edulis) in Europe has grown substantially in recent years. In sharing experiences between oyster restoration projects in Europe at the Native Oyster Restoration Alliance conference, NORA2, in Edinburgh in May 2019, it became apparent that a number of similar barriers are experienced.

2.This study identified the top 40 questions, which, if answered, would have the greatest influence on the policy and practice of oyster restoration in Europe. Initially 71 people were consulted across 28 institutions and 11 European countries to generate 194 questions. An established process of one round of pre‐workshop voting followed by a one‐day online workshop and two post‐workshop rounds of voting resulted in the final 40 questions.

3.Questions were broadly grouped into the following 10 themes: baselines, site selection, restoration methods, quantifying benefits, disease management, biosecurity, genetic diversity and population differentiation, policy and management, novel technologies, and current and future threats.

4.We anticipate that this list will provide a starting point for developing collaborative projects across the NORA network, as well as assisting policy makers and funders with identifying key areas that need to be addressed in order to overcome existing barriers to scaling up oyster restoration in Europe.
alien species, estuary, fishing, invertebrates, pollution, restoration, subtidal
1052-7613
2038-2049
Zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E.
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Bonačić, Kruno
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Boudry, Pierre
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Bromley, Cass A.
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Cameron, Tom C.
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Colsoul, Bérenger
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Coolen, Joop W.P.
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Frankić, Anamarija
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Hancock, Boze
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Have, Tom M.
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Holbrook, Zoë
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Kamermans, Pauline
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Laugen, Ane T.
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Nevejan, Nancy
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Pogoda, Bernadette
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Pouvreau, Stéphane
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Preston, Joanne
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Ranger, Christopher J.
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Sanderson, William G.
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Sas, Hein
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Strand, Åsa
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Sutherland, William J.
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Zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E.
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Bonačić, Kruno
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Boudry, Pierre
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Bromley, Cass A.
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Cameron, Tom C.
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Colsoul, Bérenger
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Coolen, Joop W.P.
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Frankić, Anamarija
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Hancock, Boze
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Have, Tom M.
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Holbrook, Zoë
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Kamermans, Pauline
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Laugen, Ane T.
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Nevejan, Nancy
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Pogoda, Bernadette
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Pouvreau, Stéphane
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Preston, Joanne
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Ranger, Christopher J.
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Sanderson, William G.
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Sas, Hein
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Strand, Åsa
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Sutherland, William J.
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Zu Ermgassen, Philine S.E., Bonačić, Kruno, Boudry, Pierre, Bromley, Cass A., Cameron, Tom C., Colsoul, Bérenger, Coolen, Joop W.P., Frankić, Anamarija, Hancock, Boze, Have, Tom M., Holbrook, Zoë, Kamermans, Pauline, Laugen, Ane T., Nevejan, Nancy, Pogoda, Bernadette, Pouvreau, Stéphane, Preston, Joanne, Ranger, Christopher J., Sanderson, William G., Sas, Hein, Strand, Åsa and Sutherland, William J. (2020) Forty questions of importance to the policy and practice of native oyster reef restoration in Europe. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 30 (11), 2038-2049. (doi:10.1002/aqc.3462).

Record type: Article

Abstract

1.Oyster reefs are among the most threatened marine habitats globally. In Europe, oyster reefs have been extirpated from most locations within their historical range. Active restoration of the native oyster (Ostrea edulis) in Europe has grown substantially in recent years. In sharing experiences between oyster restoration projects in Europe at the Native Oyster Restoration Alliance conference, NORA2, in Edinburgh in May 2019, it became apparent that a number of similar barriers are experienced.

2.This study identified the top 40 questions, which, if answered, would have the greatest influence on the policy and practice of oyster restoration in Europe. Initially 71 people were consulted across 28 institutions and 11 European countries to generate 194 questions. An established process of one round of pre‐workshop voting followed by a one‐day online workshop and two post‐workshop rounds of voting resulted in the final 40 questions.

3.Questions were broadly grouped into the following 10 themes: baselines, site selection, restoration methods, quantifying benefits, disease management, biosecurity, genetic diversity and population differentiation, policy and management, novel technologies, and current and future threats.

4.We anticipate that this list will provide a starting point for developing collaborative projects across the NORA network, as well as assisting policy makers and funders with identifying key areas that need to be addressed in order to overcome existing barriers to scaling up oyster restoration in Europe.

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aqc.3462 - Version of Record
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 22 July 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 12 November 2020
Published date: November 2020
Additional Information: Special Issue: Unlocking the Blueprint for Native Oyster Restoration in Europe
Keywords: alien species, estuary, fishing, invertebrates, pollution, restoration, subtidal

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 445157
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/445157
ISSN: 1052-7613
PURE UUID: 729c8bf9-aa5f-442c-88ad-3e83fa619b8e

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 24 Nov 2020 17:30
Last modified: 21 Nov 2021 21:08

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Contributors

Author: Philine S.E. Zu Ermgassen
Author: Kruno Bonačić
Author: Pierre Boudry
Author: Cass A. Bromley
Author: Tom C. Cameron
Author: Bérenger Colsoul
Author: Joop W.P. Coolen
Author: Anamarija Frankić
Author: Boze Hancock
Author: Tom M. Have
Author: Zoë Holbrook
Author: Pauline Kamermans
Author: Ane T. Laugen
Author: Nancy Nevejan
Author: Bernadette Pogoda
Author: Stéphane Pouvreau
Author: Joanne Preston
Author: Christopher J. Ranger
Author: William G. Sanderson
Author: Hein Sas
Author: Åsa Strand
Author: William J. Sutherland

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