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HNSCC: tumour antigens and their targeting by immunotherapy

HNSCC: tumour antigens and their targeting by immunotherapy
HNSCC: tumour antigens and their targeting by immunotherapy
Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are a heterogeneous group of malignant tumours typically caused by alcohol and tobacco consumption, although an increasing number of HNSCC arise due to persistent infection with high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV). The treatment of HNSCC remains challenging, and the first-line setting is focused on surgery and chemoradiotherapy. A substantial proportion of HNSCC patients die from their disease, especially those with recurrent and metastatic disease. Among factors linked with good outcome, immune cell infiltration appears to have a major role. HPV-driven HNSCC are often T-cell rich, reflecting the presence of HPV antigens that are immunogenic. Tumour-associated antigens that are shared between patients or that are unique to an individual person may also induce varying degrees of immune response; studying these is important for the understanding of the interaction between the host immune system and the cancer. The resulting knowledge is critical for the design of better immunotherapies. Key questions are: Which antigens lead to an adaptive immune response in the tumour? Which of these are exploitable for immunotherapy? Here, we review the current thinking regarding tumour antigens in HNSCC and what has been learned from early phase clinical trials.
HNSCC, HPV, cancer antigens, cancer testis antigens, viral antigens
2073-4409
Savelyeva, Natalia
804c3e15-d260-4717-9b7c-15c16ba87fc7
Ottensmeier, Christian
42b8a398-baac-4843-a3d6-056225675797
Wang, Chuan
68b224ae-fcc3-43cd-9b89-7cb03cbcf2af
Savelyeva, Natalia
804c3e15-d260-4717-9b7c-15c16ba87fc7
Ottensmeier, Christian
42b8a398-baac-4843-a3d6-056225675797
Wang, Chuan
68b224ae-fcc3-43cd-9b89-7cb03cbcf2af

Savelyeva, Natalia, Ottensmeier, Christian and Wang, Chuan (2020) HNSCC: tumour antigens and their targeting by immunotherapy. Cells, 9 (9), [2103]. (doi:10.3390/cells9092103).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) are a heterogeneous group of malignant tumours typically caused by alcohol and tobacco consumption, although an increasing number of HNSCC arise due to persistent infection with high-risk human papilloma virus (HPV). The treatment of HNSCC remains challenging, and the first-line setting is focused on surgery and chemoradiotherapy. A substantial proportion of HNSCC patients die from their disease, especially those with recurrent and metastatic disease. Among factors linked with good outcome, immune cell infiltration appears to have a major role. HPV-driven HNSCC are often T-cell rich, reflecting the presence of HPV antigens that are immunogenic. Tumour-associated antigens that are shared between patients or that are unique to an individual person may also induce varying degrees of immune response; studying these is important for the understanding of the interaction between the host immune system and the cancer. The resulting knowledge is critical for the design of better immunotherapies. Key questions are: Which antigens lead to an adaptive immune response in the tumour? Which of these are exploitable for immunotherapy? Here, we review the current thinking regarding tumour antigens in HNSCC and what has been learned from early phase clinical trials.

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cells-09-02103 - Version of Record
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 13 September 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 15 September 2020
Keywords: HNSCC, HPV, cancer antigens, cancer testis antigens, viral antigens

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 445259
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/445259
ISSN: 2073-4409
PURE UUID: 0d83fb6f-7a1e-4715-8753-352e7fffc8ea

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Date deposited: 26 Nov 2020 17:32
Last modified: 25 Nov 2021 21:38

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Author: Chuan Wang

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