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Hollow core optical fibres with comparable attenuation to silica fibres between 600 and 1100 nm

Hollow core optical fibres with comparable attenuation to silica fibres between 600 and 1100 nm
Hollow core optical fibres with comparable attenuation to silica fibres between 600 and 1100 nm
For over 50 years, pure or doped silica glass optical fibres have been an unrivalled platform for the transmission of laser light and optical data at wavelengths from the visible to the near infrared. Rayleigh scattering, arising from frozen-in density fluctuations in the glass, fundamentally limits the minimum attenuation of these fibres and hence restricts their application, especially at shorter wavelengths. Guiding light in hollow (air) core fibres offers a potential way to overcome this insurmountable attenuation limit set by the glass’s scattering, but requires reduction of all the other loss-inducing mechanisms. Here we report hollow core fibres, of nested antiresonant design, with losses comparable or lower than achievable in solid glass fibres around technologically relevant wavelengths of 660, 850, and 1060 nm. Their lower than Rayleigh scattering loss in an air-guiding structure offers the potential for advances in quantum communications, data transmission, and laser power delivery.
2041-1723
Sakr, Hesham
5ec2d89f-ab6e-4690-bbfd-b95fa4cb792d
Chen, Yong
0bfb3083-4cd2-4463-a7a4-f48c4158b15a
Jasion, Gregory
16cfff1d-d178-41d1-a092-56e6239726b8
Bradley, Thomas
d4cce4f3-bb69-4e14-baee-cd6a88e38101
Hayes, John Richard
a6d3acd6-d7d5-4614-970e-0e8c594e48e2
Mulvad, Hans Christian
b461b05f-88f2-4f28-b20a-e45cf258f456
Davidson, Ian
b685f949-e9e4-4e6b-9a59-36739de06a61
Numkam Fokoua, Eric
6d9f7e50-dc3b-440a-a0b9-f4a08dd02ccd
Poletti, Francesco
9adcef99-5558-4644-96d7-ce24b5897491
Sakr, Hesham
5ec2d89f-ab6e-4690-bbfd-b95fa4cb792d
Chen, Yong
0bfb3083-4cd2-4463-a7a4-f48c4158b15a
Jasion, Gregory
16cfff1d-d178-41d1-a092-56e6239726b8
Bradley, Thomas
d4cce4f3-bb69-4e14-baee-cd6a88e38101
Hayes, John Richard
a6d3acd6-d7d5-4614-970e-0e8c594e48e2
Mulvad, Hans Christian
b461b05f-88f2-4f28-b20a-e45cf258f456
Davidson, Ian
b685f949-e9e4-4e6b-9a59-36739de06a61
Numkam Fokoua, Eric
6d9f7e50-dc3b-440a-a0b9-f4a08dd02ccd
Poletti, Francesco
9adcef99-5558-4644-96d7-ce24b5897491

Sakr, Hesham, Chen, Yong, Jasion, Gregory, Bradley, Thomas, Hayes, John Richard, Mulvad, Hans Christian, Davidson, Ian, Numkam Fokoua, Eric and Poletti, Francesco (2020) Hollow core optical fibres with comparable attenuation to silica fibres between 600 and 1100 nm. Nature Communications, 11, [6030]. (doi:10.1038/s41467-020-19910-7).

Record type: Article

Abstract

For over 50 years, pure or doped silica glass optical fibres have been an unrivalled platform for the transmission of laser light and optical data at wavelengths from the visible to the near infrared. Rayleigh scattering, arising from frozen-in density fluctuations in the glass, fundamentally limits the minimum attenuation of these fibres and hence restricts their application, especially at shorter wavelengths. Guiding light in hollow (air) core fibres offers a potential way to overcome this insurmountable attenuation limit set by the glass’s scattering, but requires reduction of all the other loss-inducing mechanisms. Here we report hollow core fibres, of nested antiresonant design, with losses comparable or lower than achievable in solid glass fibres around technologically relevant wavelengths of 660, 850, and 1060 nm. Their lower than Rayleigh scattering loss in an air-guiding structure offers the potential for advances in quantum communications, data transmission, and laser power delivery.

Full text not available from this repository.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 2 November 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 27 November 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 445819
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/445819
ISSN: 2041-1723
PURE UUID: 4cb4db5b-12b7-4758-9891-162c6f268603
ORCID for Hesham Sakr: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-4154-8414
ORCID for Yong Chen: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0383-6113
ORCID for Gregory Jasion: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-5030-6479
ORCID for Thomas Bradley: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0001-6568-5811
ORCID for Hans Christian Mulvad: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-2552-0742
ORCID for Eric Numkam Fokoua: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-0873-911X
ORCID for Francesco Poletti: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1000-3083

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 08 Jan 2021 17:30
Last modified: 15 Sep 2021 02:15

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Contributors

Author: Hesham Sakr ORCID iD
Author: Yong Chen ORCID iD
Author: Gregory Jasion ORCID iD
Author: Thomas Bradley ORCID iD
Author: Hans Christian Mulvad ORCID iD
Author: Ian Davidson

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