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Automated vehicle handover interface design: Focus groups with learner, intermediate and advanced drivers

Automated vehicle handover interface design: Focus groups with learner, intermediate and advanced drivers
Automated vehicle handover interface design: Focus groups with learner, intermediate and advanced drivers

Conditionally and highly automated vehicles will require drivers to take control as a result of a non-emergency, such as a geographical, terrain, capability or design boundary. It is anticipated that these events will provide the driver with a sufficient amount of time to prepare themselves for the transition of control. This study explores conditionally and highly automated vehicle transitions of control by asking how drivers of differing skill levels (learner, intermediate and advanced) approach the task of designing an interface responsible for making transitions safer, more usable and more efficient. Three focus groups generated detailed designs for vehicle-to-driver transitions in an 1-h and a 10-min “out-of-the-loop” scenarios and transitions from driver to vehicle. Results show great variation in the approaches taken by each skill group (e.g., the reliance on visual interfaces for awareness assist and viewpoints on issues such as multimodal displays). Customization was a common theme throughout, with drivers desiring the option to adjust alert timings and modalities in which information is displayed. This paper presents these designs along with a detailed comparison of group designs and implements distributed situation awareness theory to discuss findings and draw conclusions.

Automobile, Handover, Interface design, Level 3 automation, Takeover
2522-8765
14-29
Clark, Jediah
5d82ac6c-58be-4366-9b11-5e3179d85b33
Stanton, Neville
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Revell, Kirsten
e80fedfc-3022-45b5-bcea-5a19d5d28ea0
Clark, Jediah
5d82ac6c-58be-4366-9b11-5e3179d85b33
Stanton, Neville
351a44ab-09a0-422a-a738-01df1fe0fadd
Revell, Kirsten
e80fedfc-3022-45b5-bcea-5a19d5d28ea0

Clark, Jediah, Stanton, Neville and Revell, Kirsten (2020) Automated vehicle handover interface design: Focus groups with learner, intermediate and advanced drivers. Automotive Innovation, 3 (1), 14-29. (doi:10.1007/s42154-019-00085-x).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Conditionally and highly automated vehicles will require drivers to take control as a result of a non-emergency, such as a geographical, terrain, capability or design boundary. It is anticipated that these events will provide the driver with a sufficient amount of time to prepare themselves for the transition of control. This study explores conditionally and highly automated vehicle transitions of control by asking how drivers of differing skill levels (learner, intermediate and advanced) approach the task of designing an interface responsible for making transitions safer, more usable and more efficient. Three focus groups generated detailed designs for vehicle-to-driver transitions in an 1-h and a 10-min “out-of-the-loop” scenarios and transitions from driver to vehicle. Results show great variation in the approaches taken by each skill group (e.g., the reliance on visual interfaces for awareness assist and viewpoints on issues such as multimodal displays). Customization was a common theme throughout, with drivers desiring the option to adjust alert timings and modalities in which information is displayed. This paper presents these designs along with a detailed comparison of group designs and implements distributed situation awareness theory to discuss findings and draw conclusions.

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Clark_et_al._2020_AVFocusGroups - Accepted Manuscript
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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 21 November 2019
e-pub ahead of print date: 16 January 2020
Published date: March 2020
Keywords: Automobile, Handover, Interface design, Level 3 automation, Takeover

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 446060
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/446060
ISSN: 2522-8765
PURE UUID: cdfb652f-7462-4fde-b962-3643dae2176f
ORCID for Jediah Clark: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1356-2462
ORCID for Neville Stanton: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8562-3279

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Jan 2021 17:34
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 03:22

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Contributors

Author: Jediah Clark ORCID iD
Author: Neville Stanton ORCID iD
Author: Kirsten Revell

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