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Rocky shores as tractable test systems for experimental ecology

Rocky shores as tractable test systems for experimental ecology
Rocky shores as tractable test systems for experimental ecology
Rocky shore ecology has been studied for a long time, starting with qualitative descriptions and becoming more quantitative and experimental over time. Some of the earliest manipulative experimental ecological studies were undertaken on rocky shores. Many, over time, have made considerable contributions to ecological theory, especially highlighting the importance of biological interactions at the community level. The suitability of rocky shores as convenient test systems for ecological experimentation is outlined. Here we consider contributions from rocky shores to the emerging concepts of supply-side ecology, the roles of competition, predation and grazing, disturbance and succession and positive interactions in structuring communities along environmental gradients. We then address alternative stable states, relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and bottom-up and top-down control of ecosystems. We briefly consider the feedback and synergies between ecological concepts and experimental work on rocky shores, whilst still emphasizing the traditional values of marine natural history upheld in JMBA since its first publication. The importance of rigorous experimental designs championed by Underwood and co-workers is emphasized. Recent progress taking advantage of new technologies and emerging approaches is considered. We illustrate how experimental studies have shown the importance of biological interactions in modulating species and assemblage-level responses to climate change and informed conservation and management of coastal ecosystems.
0025-3154
1017-1041
Hawkins, Stephen J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa
Pack, Kathryn E.
00558f1f-b79a-421e-8b18-c69524396c61
Hyder, Kieran
dbe22915-476d-4d57-a189-344aca48f138
Benedetti-cecchi, Lisandro
73993387-813b-4258-84de-49e6ed0b455c
Jenkins, Stuart R.
63f5521f-fe3a-4dae-b582-4a6a8d3aa936
Hawkins, Stephen J.
758fe1c1-30cd-4ed1-bb65-2471dc7c11fa
Pack, Kathryn E.
00558f1f-b79a-421e-8b18-c69524396c61
Hyder, Kieran
dbe22915-476d-4d57-a189-344aca48f138
Benedetti-cecchi, Lisandro
73993387-813b-4258-84de-49e6ed0b455c
Jenkins, Stuart R.
63f5521f-fe3a-4dae-b582-4a6a8d3aa936

Hawkins, Stephen J., Pack, Kathryn E., Hyder, Kieran, Benedetti-cecchi, Lisandro and Jenkins, Stuart R. (2020) Rocky shores as tractable test systems for experimental ecology. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 100 (7), 1017-1041. (doi:10.1017/S0025315420001046).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Rocky shore ecology has been studied for a long time, starting with qualitative descriptions and becoming more quantitative and experimental over time. Some of the earliest manipulative experimental ecological studies were undertaken on rocky shores. Many, over time, have made considerable contributions to ecological theory, especially highlighting the importance of biological interactions at the community level. The suitability of rocky shores as convenient test systems for ecological experimentation is outlined. Here we consider contributions from rocky shores to the emerging concepts of supply-side ecology, the roles of competition, predation and grazing, disturbance and succession and positive interactions in structuring communities along environmental gradients. We then address alternative stable states, relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, and bottom-up and top-down control of ecosystems. We briefly consider the feedback and synergies between ecological concepts and experimental work on rocky shores, whilst still emphasizing the traditional values of marine natural history upheld in JMBA since its first publication. The importance of rigorous experimental designs championed by Underwood and co-workers is emphasized. Recent progress taking advantage of new technologies and emerging approaches is considered. We illustrate how experimental studies have shown the importance of biological interactions in modulating species and assemblage-level responses to climate change and informed conservation and management of coastal ecosystems.

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Rocky shores as tractable test systems - Accepted Manuscript
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Accepted/In Press date: 9 October 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 24 November 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 446074
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/446074
ISSN: 0025-3154
PURE UUID: 874692c4-e60d-4497-867e-f2864b314434

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Date deposited: 20 Jan 2021 17:30
Last modified: 26 Nov 2021 06:18

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Contributors

Author: Kathryn E. Pack
Author: Kieran Hyder
Author: Lisandro Benedetti-cecchi
Author: Stuart R. Jenkins

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