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Data from: A highly pneumatic ‘mid Cretaceous’ theropod from the British Lower Greensand

Data from: A highly pneumatic ‘mid Cretaceous’ theropod from the British Lower Greensand
Data from: A highly pneumatic ‘mid Cretaceous’ theropod from the British Lower Greensand
A series of axial elements from the Aptian Ferruginous Sandstone Formation of the Lower Greensand Group, discovered on the foreshore near Knock Cliff on the Isle of Wight, United Kingdom (UK) are – bar some isolated teeth – the youngest non-avian theropod remains reported from the British Mesozoic. These specimens have the potential to shed light on a poorly known section of the European dinosaur record. A consistency in size, appearance and adhering matrix indicate that the vertebrae belong to the same individual. This was a mid-sized tetanuran, the presence of several diagnostic characters indicating that it should be recognised as a new taxon, herein namedVectaerovenator inopinatus. The cervical and dorsal vertebrae are camerate and highly pneumatic. Tetanuran affinities include opisthocoelous cervicals and pneumatic foramina located within fossae, however assigning this specimen to a specific clade is problematic. Within Tetanurae, Vectaerovenatorpossesses axial structures and homoplastic features seen in megalosauroids, carcharodontosaurians and certain coelurosaurs. Not only is Vectaerovenatorone of the UK’s youngest non-bird dinosaurs, and one of few valid British Greensand taxa, it is also the first diagnosable theropod taxon to be named from Aptian deposits of Europe.,This character matrix, based upon the work of Cau (2018), includes 133 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) scored for 1781 characters.,
Dryad Digital Repository
Barker, Chris
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Naish, Darren
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Clarkin, Claire
ad9190d1-24de-47f2-ba9e-c581b94c75b3
Hullman, Gabriel
85fc7cef-9e78-4cdf-80ab-0a96a0fefb44
Schneider, Philipp
c36c85e0-cfca-4c38-898c-0d27318e9466
Gostling, Neil
4840aa40-cb6c-4112-a0b9-694a869523fc
Farrell, Paul
7560d9c4-3542-4243-9584-4a8f51ae18a7
Ward, Robin
4b30d4af-4621-4cba-be72-5dcaa934797d
Lockyer, James
ca14802c-4a0a-4717-abe0-e4b676e00f07
Barker, Chris
d0b62493-b5ba-4477-bb9a-55c3db080935
Naish, Darren
95a4ff0d-f64b-4b4b-9523-97bc97df91ff
Clarkin, Claire
ad9190d1-24de-47f2-ba9e-c581b94c75b3
Hullman, Gabriel
85fc7cef-9e78-4cdf-80ab-0a96a0fefb44
Schneider, Philipp
c36c85e0-cfca-4c38-898c-0d27318e9466
Gostling, Neil
4840aa40-cb6c-4112-a0b9-694a869523fc
Farrell, Paul
7560d9c4-3542-4243-9584-4a8f51ae18a7
Ward, Robin
4b30d4af-4621-4cba-be72-5dcaa934797d
Lockyer, James
ca14802c-4a0a-4717-abe0-e4b676e00f07

(2020) Data from: A highly pneumatic ‘mid Cretaceous’ theropod from the British Lower Greensand. Dryad Digital Repository doi:10.5061/dryad.8cz8w9gmj [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

A series of axial elements from the Aptian Ferruginous Sandstone Formation of the Lower Greensand Group, discovered on the foreshore near Knock Cliff on the Isle of Wight, United Kingdom (UK) are – bar some isolated teeth – the youngest non-avian theropod remains reported from the British Mesozoic. These specimens have the potential to shed light on a poorly known section of the European dinosaur record. A consistency in size, appearance and adhering matrix indicate that the vertebrae belong to the same individual. This was a mid-sized tetanuran, the presence of several diagnostic characters indicating that it should be recognised as a new taxon, herein namedVectaerovenator inopinatus. The cervical and dorsal vertebrae are camerate and highly pneumatic. Tetanuran affinities include opisthocoelous cervicals and pneumatic foramina located within fossae, however assigning this specimen to a specific clade is problematic. Within Tetanurae, Vectaerovenatorpossesses axial structures and homoplastic features seen in megalosauroids, carcharodontosaurians and certain coelurosaurs. Not only is Vectaerovenatorone of the UK’s youngest non-bird dinosaurs, and one of few valid British Greensand taxa, it is also the first diagnosable theropod taxon to be named from Aptian deposits of Europe.,This character matrix, based upon the work of Cau (2018), includes 133 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) scored for 1781 characters.,

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More information

Published date: 1 January 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 446309
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/446309
PURE UUID: 6d435ca5-1055-4993-9723-223938e9a76d
ORCID for Neil Gostling: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5960-7769

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Feb 2021 17:30
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:18

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Contributors

Contributor: Chris Barker
Contributor: Darren Naish
Contributor: Claire Clarkin
Contributor: Gabriel Hullman
Contributor: Philipp Schneider
Contributor: Neil Gostling ORCID iD
Contributor: Paul Farrell
Contributor: Robin Ward
Contributor: James Lockyer

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