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Data from: Last Glacial Maximum environmental conditions at Andøya, northern Norway; evidence for a northern ice-edge ecological “hotspot”

Data from: Last Glacial Maximum environmental conditions at Andøya, northern Norway; evidence for a northern ice-edge ecological “hotspot”
Data from: Last Glacial Maximum environmental conditions at Andøya, northern Norway; evidence for a northern ice-edge ecological “hotspot”
Andøya on the NW coast of Norway is a key site for understanding the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) in northern Europe. Controversy has arisen concerning the local conditions, especially about the timing and extent of local glacial cover, maximum July temperatures and whether pine and/or spruce could have grown there. We reviewed all existing data and add newly analysed ancient sedimentary DNA, pollen, macrofossils, geochemistry and stable isotopes from three lake sediment cores from Øvre Æråsvatnet. A total of 23 new dates and age-depth modelling suggests the lake has been ice-free since GI2 (<22.8 k cal. BP) and possibly GS3 (<27.4 k cal. BP). Pinus and Picea sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) was found in all three cores but at such low frequencies that it could not be distinguished from background contamination. LGM samples have an exceptionally high organic matter content, with isotopic values indicating that carbon and nitrogen derives from a marine source. Along with finds of bones of the little auk (Alle alle), this indicates that the lake received guano from an adjacent bird colony. DNA, pollen and macrofossil assemblages were dominated by Poaceae, Brassicaceae and Papaver, but scattered occurrence of species currently restricted to the Low Arctic Tundra Zone (July temperature of 8-9°C) such as Apiaceae (DNA, 8-9°C), and Alchemilla alpina (macrofossil, 8-9°C) were also recorded. The review showed 94 recorded vascular plant taxa, of which 38% have a northern limit in Shrub Tundra or more southern vegetation zones. This unusual assemblage likely stems from a combination of proximity to ice-free water in summer, geographical isolation linked with stochastic long- distance dispersal events, and the presence of bird-fertilized habitats. The environmental reconstruction based on all records from the area does not preclude local growth of tree species, as the local climate combined with high nutrient input may have led to periodically suitable environmental ‘hotspot’ conditions.,DNA metabarcoding of ancient lake sediments collected from Andøya, Norway. The chloroplast trnL (UAA) intron, or p6-loop, was amplified for the sediment extracts.,This dataset includes two raw Illumina NextSeq 500 libraries (paired-end sequenced) and the associated OBITools PCR-tag lookup tables required for demultiplexing.,
Dryad Digital Repository
Alsos, Inger
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Sjögren, Per
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Brown, Antony
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Gielly, Ludovic
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Merkel, Marie
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Paus, Aage
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Lammers, Youri
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Edwards, Mary
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Alm, Torbjørn
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Leng, Melanie
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Goslar, Tomasz
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Langdon, Catherine
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Bakke, Jostein
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Van Der Bilt, Willem
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Alsos, Inger
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Sjögren, Per
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Brown, Antony
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Gielly, Ludovic
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Merkel, Marie
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Paus, Aage
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Lammers, Youri
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Edwards, Mary
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Alm, Torbjørn
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Leng, Melanie
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Goslar, Tomasz
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Langdon, Catherine
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Bakke, Jostein
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Van Der Bilt, Willem
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(2020) Data from: Last Glacial Maximum environmental conditions at Andøya, northern Norway; evidence for a northern ice-edge ecological “hotspot”. Dryad Digital Repository doi:10.5061/dryad.zw3r2285q [Dataset]

Record type: Dataset

Abstract

Andøya on the NW coast of Norway is a key site for understanding the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) in northern Europe. Controversy has arisen concerning the local conditions, especially about the timing and extent of local glacial cover, maximum July temperatures and whether pine and/or spruce could have grown there. We reviewed all existing data and add newly analysed ancient sedimentary DNA, pollen, macrofossils, geochemistry and stable isotopes from three lake sediment cores from Øvre Æråsvatnet. A total of 23 new dates and age-depth modelling suggests the lake has been ice-free since GI2 (<22.8 k cal. BP) and possibly GS3 (<27.4 k cal. BP). Pinus and Picea sedimentary ancient DNA (sedaDNA) was found in all three cores but at such low frequencies that it could not be distinguished from background contamination. LGM samples have an exceptionally high organic matter content, with isotopic values indicating that carbon and nitrogen derives from a marine source. Along with finds of bones of the little auk (Alle alle), this indicates that the lake received guano from an adjacent bird colony. DNA, pollen and macrofossil assemblages were dominated by Poaceae, Brassicaceae and Papaver, but scattered occurrence of species currently restricted to the Low Arctic Tundra Zone (July temperature of 8-9°C) such as Apiaceae (DNA, 8-9°C), and Alchemilla alpina (macrofossil, 8-9°C) were also recorded. The review showed 94 recorded vascular plant taxa, of which 38% have a northern limit in Shrub Tundra or more southern vegetation zones. This unusual assemblage likely stems from a combination of proximity to ice-free water in summer, geographical isolation linked with stochastic long- distance dispersal events, and the presence of bird-fertilized habitats. The environmental reconstruction based on all records from the area does not preclude local growth of tree species, as the local climate combined with high nutrient input may have led to periodically suitable environmental ‘hotspot’ conditions.,DNA metabarcoding of ancient lake sediments collected from Andøya, Norway. The chloroplast trnL (UAA) intron, or p6-loop, was amplified for the sediment extracts.,This dataset includes two raw Illumina NextSeq 500 libraries (paired-end sequenced) and the associated OBITools PCR-tag lookup tables required for demultiplexing.,

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More information

Published date: 1 January 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 446325
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/446325
PURE UUID: 2799e30e-2b41-4cd2-8b62-92213d6ddc00
ORCID for Antony Brown: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-1990-4654
ORCID for Mary Edwards: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3490-6682

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Feb 2021 17:30
Last modified: 18 Feb 2021 17:08

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Contributors

Contributor: Inger Alsos
Contributor: Per Sjögren
Contributor: Antony Brown ORCID iD
Contributor: Ludovic Gielly
Contributor: Marie Merkel
Contributor: Aage Paus
Contributor: Youri Lammers
Contributor: Mary Edwards ORCID iD
Contributor: Torbjørn Alm
Contributor: Melanie Leng
Contributor: Tomasz Goslar
Contributor: Catherine Langdon
Contributor: Jostein Bakke
Contributor: Willem Van Der Bilt

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