The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository

A modular and open software and hardware architecture for internet of things sensor networks

A modular and open software and hardware architecture for internet of things sensor networks
A modular and open software and hardware architecture for internet of things sensor networks
We are experiencing a new industrial revolution, a cyber-physical systems revolution. The Internet of Things (IoT) is at the core of this development, and it is changing the way we perceive the world around us, impacting both business and technology. Smart cars, smart thermostats, home automation hubs, smart lighting, and smart weather stations are common technologies met in most cities and households. The number of these devices is going to increase even more, and it is predicted to reach billions over the next few years. Although the IoT technology has reached maturity, we are still unprepared for the large number of devices predicted to reach the world in the near future. Managing high numbers of IoT devices requires stable infrastructures for deployment and management. It also requires creating sustainable infrastructures to minimise the impact on the environment. In this thesis, we hypothesise that using flexible, open, modular, and reconfigurable hardware and software architectures at the base of smart city infrastructure can increase device longevity and minimise device management complexity at scale, while promoting sustainable development. The main contributions are: (1) identification of design requirements for building the next generation IoT device (2) reference architecture for flexible, modular IoT devices, (3) a novel, modular, open-source sensor board for building plug-and-play smart devices, allowing for complete removal/replacement of sensors and computing module, (4) a novel, modular, open-source software architecture, including: minimal Operating System (OS), over the air (OTA) updates, containerisation and remote device management, and (5) demonstration using a real-life application of environmental monitoring. The reference architecture presented in this thesis provides a robust, persistent, and reliable long-term solution for IoT deployements that addresses concerns regarding the negative impact of IoT on long term sustainable development.
University of Southampton
Apetroaie-Cristea, Mihaela
5fc15df9-13e3-474a-b21b-7c457a1dc8eb
Apetroaie-Cristea, Mihaela
5fc15df9-13e3-474a-b21b-7c457a1dc8eb
Cox, Simon
0e62aaed-24ad-4a74-b996-f606e40e5c55

Apetroaie-Cristea, Mihaela (2020) A modular and open software and hardware architecture for internet of things sensor networks. University of Southampton, Doctoral Thesis, 146pp.

Record type: Thesis (Doctoral)

Abstract

We are experiencing a new industrial revolution, a cyber-physical systems revolution. The Internet of Things (IoT) is at the core of this development, and it is changing the way we perceive the world around us, impacting both business and technology. Smart cars, smart thermostats, home automation hubs, smart lighting, and smart weather stations are common technologies met in most cities and households. The number of these devices is going to increase even more, and it is predicted to reach billions over the next few years. Although the IoT technology has reached maturity, we are still unprepared for the large number of devices predicted to reach the world in the near future. Managing high numbers of IoT devices requires stable infrastructures for deployment and management. It also requires creating sustainable infrastructures to minimise the impact on the environment. In this thesis, we hypothesise that using flexible, open, modular, and reconfigurable hardware and software architectures at the base of smart city infrastructure can increase device longevity and minimise device management complexity at scale, while promoting sustainable development. The main contributions are: (1) identification of design requirements for building the next generation IoT device (2) reference architecture for flexible, modular IoT devices, (3) a novel, modular, open-source sensor board for building plug-and-play smart devices, allowing for complete removal/replacement of sensors and computing module, (4) a novel, modular, open-source software architecture, including: minimal Operating System (OS), over the air (OTA) updates, containerisation and remote device management, and (5) demonstration using a real-life application of environmental monitoring. The reference architecture presented in this thesis provides a robust, persistent, and reliable long-term solution for IoT deployements that addresses concerns regarding the negative impact of IoT on long term sustainable development.

Text
MihaelaApetroaie-CristeaThesis
Available under License University of Southampton Thesis Licence.
Download (6MB)
Text
Permission to deposit thesisMihaelaApetroaie-Cristea
Restricted to Repository staff only

More information

Published date: June 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447180
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447180
PURE UUID: 879e9441-a792-4d59-a73c-d00ba4d46dde

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 04 Mar 2021 17:41
Last modified: 04 Mar 2021 17:43

Export record

Contributors

Author: Mihaela Apetroaie-Cristea
Thesis advisor: Simon Cox

University divisions

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×