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The nexus between improved water supply and water-borne diseases in urban areas in Africa: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]

The nexus between improved water supply and water-borne diseases in urban areas in Africa: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]
The nexus between improved water supply and water-borne diseases in urban areas in Africa: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]
Introduction: currently, an estimated two thirds of the world population is water insufficient. As of 2015, one out of every five people in developing countries do not have access to clean sufficient drinking water. In an attempt to share the limited resource, water has been distributed at irregular intervals in cities in developing countries. Residents in these cities seek alternative water sources to supplement the inadequate water supplied. Some of these alternative sources of water are unsafe for human consumption, leading to an increased risk in water-borne diseases. Africa contributes to 53% of the diarrheal cases reported globally, with contaminated drinking water being the main source of transmission. Water-borne diseases like diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, amoebiasis, dysentery, gastroenteritis, cryptosporidium, cyclosporiasis, giardiasis, guinea worm and rotavirus are a major public health concern. The main objective of this scoping review is to map the available evidence to understand the sources of water among residents in cities in Africa and the relationship between clean water sufficiency and water-borne diseases in urban Africa.

Methods and analysis: the search strategy will identify studies published in scientific journals and reports that are directly relevant to African cities that have a population of more than half a million residents as of 2014 AND studies on the ten emerging water-borne diseases, which are diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, amoebiasis, dysentery, gastroenteritis, cryptosporidium, cyclosporiasis, giardiasis, guinea worm and rotavirus.

Ethics and dissemination: this scoping review did not require any formal ethical approval. The findings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.
Nyamai, Mutono
c88301b3-e962-4e60-9d22-41e560d2de79
Wright, Jim
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Mutembei, Henry
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Muema, Josphat
889cb571-9127-4fbb-bed9-f246c8807c87
Thomas, Mair
c43a2135-6dbc-4fc4-9c69-cd9ece0623b1
Mutunga, Mumbua
ce296f65-f6aa-4500-abc0-591ddf111081
Thumbi, Samuel
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Nyamai, Mutono
c88301b3-e962-4e60-9d22-41e560d2de79
Wright, Jim
94990ecf-f8dd-4649-84f2-b28bf272e464
Mutembei, Henry
98366d1f-2996-465f-8733-5e85e5603827
Muema, Josphat
889cb571-9127-4fbb-bed9-f246c8807c87
Thomas, Mair
c43a2135-6dbc-4fc4-9c69-cd9ece0623b1
Mutunga, Mumbua
ce296f65-f6aa-4500-abc0-591ddf111081
Thumbi, Samuel
74b28f8d-fafb-432f-8129-394944f2ed1a

Nyamai, Mutono, Wright, Jim, Mutembei, Henry, Muema, Josphat, Thomas, Mair, Mutunga, Mumbua and Thumbi, Samuel (2020) The nexus between improved water supply and water-borne diseases in urban areas in Africa: a scoping review protocol [version 2; peer review: 2 approved]. AAS Open Research, 3, [3:12]. (doi:10.12688/aasopenres.13063.2).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Introduction: currently, an estimated two thirds of the world population is water insufficient. As of 2015, one out of every five people in developing countries do not have access to clean sufficient drinking water. In an attempt to share the limited resource, water has been distributed at irregular intervals in cities in developing countries. Residents in these cities seek alternative water sources to supplement the inadequate water supplied. Some of these alternative sources of water are unsafe for human consumption, leading to an increased risk in water-borne diseases. Africa contributes to 53% of the diarrheal cases reported globally, with contaminated drinking water being the main source of transmission. Water-borne diseases like diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, amoebiasis, dysentery, gastroenteritis, cryptosporidium, cyclosporiasis, giardiasis, guinea worm and rotavirus are a major public health concern. The main objective of this scoping review is to map the available evidence to understand the sources of water among residents in cities in Africa and the relationship between clean water sufficiency and water-borne diseases in urban Africa.

Methods and analysis: the search strategy will identify studies published in scientific journals and reports that are directly relevant to African cities that have a population of more than half a million residents as of 2014 AND studies on the ten emerging water-borne diseases, which are diarrhea, cholera, typhoid, amoebiasis, dysentery, gastroenteritis, cryptosporidium, cyclosporiasis, giardiasis, guinea worm and rotavirus.

Ethics and dissemination: this scoping review did not require any formal ethical approval. The findings will be published in a peer-reviewed journal.

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e-pub ahead of print date: 5 May 2020
Published date: 8 December 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447255
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447255
PURE UUID: af63be48-c965-47af-acc8-be7653089e7f
ORCID for Jim Wright: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-8842-2181
ORCID for Mair Thomas: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-1899-2434

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Date deposited: 05 Mar 2021 17:33
Last modified: 06 Mar 2021 02:56

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Contributors

Author: Mutono Nyamai
Author: Jim Wright ORCID iD
Author: Henry Mutembei
Author: Josphat Muema
Author: Mair Thomas ORCID iD
Author: Mumbua Mutunga
Author: Samuel Thumbi

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