The University of Southampton
University of Southampton Institutional Repository
Warning ePrints Soton is experiencing an issue with some file downloads not being available. We are working hard to fix this. Please bear with us.

Investigating emotional body posture recognition in adolescents with Conduct Disorder using eye-tracking methods

Investigating emotional body posture recognition in adolescents with Conduct Disorder using eye-tracking methods
Investigating emotional body posture recognition in adolescents with Conduct Disorder using eye-tracking methods
Adolescents with Conduct Disorder (CD) show deficits in recognizing facial expressions of emotion, but it is not known whether these difficulties extend to other social cues, such as emotional body postures. Moreover, in the absence of eye- tracking data, it is not known whether such deficits, if present, are due to a failure to attend to emotionally informative regions of the body. Male and female adolescents with CD and varying levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits (n = 45) and age- and sex-matched typically-developing controls (n = 51) categorized static and dynamic emotional body postures. The emotion categorization task was paired with eye-tracking methods to investigate relationships between fixation behavior and recognition performance. Having CD was associated with impaired recognition of static and dynamic body postures and atypical fixation behavior. Furthermore, males were less likely to fixate emotionally-informative regions of the body than females. While we found no effects of CU traits on body posture recognition, the effects of CU traits on fixation behavior varied according to CD status and sex, with CD males with lower levels of CU traits showing the most atypical fixation behavior. Critically, atypical fixation behavior did not explain the body posture recognition deficits observed in CD. Our findings suggest that CD-related impairments in recognition of body postures of emotion are not due to attentional issues. Training programmes designed to ameliorate the emotion recognition difficulties associated with CD may need to incorporate a body posture component.
Body posture, Callous-unemotional traits, Conduct disorder, Emotion recognition, Eye tracking
2730-7174
Martin-Key, Nayra A.
e80b0928-5b78-4e6a-a056-822104a5509f
Graf, Erich
1a5123e2-8f05-4084-a6e6-837dcfc66209
Adams, Wendy
25685aaa-fc54-4d25-8d65-f35f4c5ab688
Fairchild, Graeme
84a4e1fc-b624-46b0-b173-6229e5498665
Martin-Key, Nayra A.
e80b0928-5b78-4e6a-a056-822104a5509f
Graf, Erich
1a5123e2-8f05-4084-a6e6-837dcfc66209
Adams, Wendy
25685aaa-fc54-4d25-8d65-f35f4c5ab688
Fairchild, Graeme
84a4e1fc-b624-46b0-b173-6229e5498665

Martin-Key, Nayra A., Graf, Erich, Adams, Wendy and Fairchild, Graeme (2021) Investigating emotional body posture recognition in adolescents with Conduct Disorder using eye-tracking methods. Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology. (doi:10.1007/s10802-021-00784-2).

Record type: Article

Abstract

Adolescents with Conduct Disorder (CD) show deficits in recognizing facial expressions of emotion, but it is not known whether these difficulties extend to other social cues, such as emotional body postures. Moreover, in the absence of eye- tracking data, it is not known whether such deficits, if present, are due to a failure to attend to emotionally informative regions of the body. Male and female adolescents with CD and varying levels of callous-unemotional (CU) traits (n = 45) and age- and sex-matched typically-developing controls (n = 51) categorized static and dynamic emotional body postures. The emotion categorization task was paired with eye-tracking methods to investigate relationships between fixation behavior and recognition performance. Having CD was associated with impaired recognition of static and dynamic body postures and atypical fixation behavior. Furthermore, males were less likely to fixate emotionally-informative regions of the body than females. While we found no effects of CU traits on body posture recognition, the effects of CU traits on fixation behavior varied according to CD status and sex, with CD males with lower levels of CU traits showing the most atypical fixation behavior. Critically, atypical fixation behavior did not explain the body posture recognition deficits observed in CD. Our findings suggest that CD-related impairments in recognition of body postures of emotion are not due to attentional issues. Training programmes designed to ameliorate the emotion recognition difficulties associated with CD may need to incorporate a body posture component.

This record has no associated files available for download.

More information

Accepted/In Press date: 3 February 2021
Published date: 20 February 2021
Keywords: Body posture, Callous-unemotional traits, Conduct disorder, Emotion recognition, Eye tracking

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447533
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447533
ISSN: 2730-7174
PURE UUID: fbb75d9d-d5ef-4fc4-a6a1-5a846ae1d057
ORCID for Erich Graf: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3162-4233
ORCID for Wendy Adams: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-5832-1056

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 15 Mar 2021 17:39
Last modified: 16 Mar 2021 02:38

Export record

Altmetrics

Contributors

Author: Nayra A. Martin-Key
Author: Erich Graf ORCID iD
Author: Wendy Adams ORCID iD
Author: Graeme Fairchild

Download statistics

Downloads from ePrints over the past year. Other digital versions may also be available to download e.g. from the publisher's website.

View more statistics

Atom RSS 1.0 RSS 2.0

Contact ePrints Soton: eprints@soton.ac.uk

ePrints Soton supports OAI 2.0 with a base URL of http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/cgi/oai2

This repository has been built using EPrints software, developed at the University of Southampton, but available to everyone to use.

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue without changing your settings, we will assume that you are happy to receive cookies on the University of Southampton website.

×