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What do we know about ethnic and migrant women entrepreneurs?: a review of evidence

What do we know about ethnic and migrant women entrepreneurs?: a review of evidence
What do we know about ethnic and migrant women entrepreneurs?: a review of evidence
Evidence suggests that ethnic and migrant women are more likely than other women to select into self-employment due to discriminatory challenges which constrain their access to mainstream employment (Dy, Marlow and Martin, 2017). In the case of the UK, such women own and lead approximately 14 per cent of female led ventures, whilst one in seven new start-ups are initiated by migrants per se (CEF/Duedil 2014). From a review of extant evidence, Romero and Valdez (2016) found that the recent expansion in women’s self-employment has been dominated by migrant and Black and Minority Ethnic women (BAME). Within this review, we define migrants as individuals who voluntarily relocate permanently to a country different from the one in which they were born, and ethnic minority as an established community that has different characteristics to the indigenous majority population of the country in which they reside. Whilst there is a body of evidence regarding the entrepreneurial motivations and experiences of migrant and ethnic minorities, this literature tends to be gender blind, assuming a male prototype. There is relatively little evidence focused specifically upon women; this presents a gap given the intersectional challenges of gender, race, ethnicity and migrant status facing such women (von Berlepsch, et al., 2019). BAME and migrant women who enter self-employment have to navigate additional barriers to those encountered by white women including racism, language barriers and, for some, cultural constraints within BAME communities arising from patriarchal concerns about women’s autonomy and legitimacy to act as entrepreneurs (Knight, 2016). The confluence of these challenges has complex and varied affects upon the type of firms that BAME and migrant women create and their potential for sustainability and growth. It calls for policy and support with an intersectional sensibility (Crenshaw, 1991).
Enterprise Research Centre (ERC)
Al-Dajani, Haya
7a5f4392-3f31-4f5b-b517-1cd0fd37259f
Villares-Varela, Maria
5e63e77d-525f-4196-8be8-e8c7db56eae1
Vershinina, Natalia
6c608a42-0132-46c4-b43b-0906d7d246ef
Al-Dajani, Haya
7a5f4392-3f31-4f5b-b517-1cd0fd37259f
Villares-Varela, Maria
5e63e77d-525f-4196-8be8-e8c7db56eae1
Vershinina, Natalia
6c608a42-0132-46c4-b43b-0906d7d246ef

Al-Dajani, Haya, Villares-Varela, Maria and Vershinina, Natalia (2020) What do we know about ethnic and migrant women entrepreneurs?: a review of evidence Enterprise Research Centre (ERC) 6pp.

Record type: Monograph (Project Report)

Abstract

Evidence suggests that ethnic and migrant women are more likely than other women to select into self-employment due to discriminatory challenges which constrain their access to mainstream employment (Dy, Marlow and Martin, 2017). In the case of the UK, such women own and lead approximately 14 per cent of female led ventures, whilst one in seven new start-ups are initiated by migrants per se (CEF/Duedil 2014). From a review of extant evidence, Romero and Valdez (2016) found that the recent expansion in women’s self-employment has been dominated by migrant and Black and Minority Ethnic women (BAME). Within this review, we define migrants as individuals who voluntarily relocate permanently to a country different from the one in which they were born, and ethnic minority as an established community that has different characteristics to the indigenous majority population of the country in which they reside. Whilst there is a body of evidence regarding the entrepreneurial motivations and experiences of migrant and ethnic minorities, this literature tends to be gender blind, assuming a male prototype. There is relatively little evidence focused specifically upon women; this presents a gap given the intersectional challenges of gender, race, ethnicity and migrant status facing such women (von Berlepsch, et al., 2019). BAME and migrant women who enter self-employment have to navigate additional barriers to those encountered by white women including racism, language barriers and, for some, cultural constraints within BAME communities arising from patriarchal concerns about women’s autonomy and legitimacy to act as entrepreneurs (Knight, 2016). The confluence of these challenges has complex and varied affects upon the type of firms that BAME and migrant women create and their potential for sustainability and growth. It calls for policy and support with an intersectional sensibility (Crenshaw, 1991).

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No36-Women-and-Enterprise-SOTA-3-Dajani-et-al - Version of Record
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Published date: 11 March 2020

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447543
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447543
PURE UUID: bca9ce81-7527-40cf-909e-94b6d9dc4d39
ORCID for Maria Villares-Varela: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-0137-7104

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Date deposited: 15 Mar 2021 17:39
Last modified: 13 Dec 2021 03:21

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Contributors

Author: Haya Al-Dajani
Author: Natalia Vershinina

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