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Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body-mass index to change in obesity and underweight

Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body-mass index to change in obesity and underweight
Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body-mass index to change in obesity and underweight
From 1985 to 2016, the prevalence of underweight decreased, and that of obesity and severe obesity increased, in most regions, with significant variation in the magnitude of these changes across regions. We investigated how much change in mean body mass index (BMI) explains changes in the prevalence of underweight, obesity, and severe obesity in different regions using data from 2896 population-based studies with 187 million participants. Changes in the prevalence of underweight and total obesity, and to a lesser extent severe obesity, are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of BMI, with smaller contributions from changes in the shape of the distribution. In East and Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, the underweight tail of the BMI distribution was left behind as the distribution shifted. There is a need for policies that address all forms of malnutrition by making healthy foods accessible and affordable, while restricting unhealthy foods through fiscal and regulatory restrictions
2050-084X
Cooper, Cyrus
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Dennison, Elaine
ee647287-edb4-4392-8361-e59fd505b1d1
Fall, Caroline
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Osmond, Clive
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Ezzati, Majid
7a7b5aaa-39a1-428c-9dcb-06a4e7c6095f
NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)
Cooper, Cyrus
e05f5612-b493-4273-9b71-9e0ce32bdad6
Dennison, Elaine
ee647287-edb4-4392-8361-e59fd505b1d1
Fall, Caroline
7171a105-34f5-4131-89d7-1aa639893b18
Osmond, Clive
2677bf85-494f-4a78-adf8-580e1b8acb81
Ezzati, Majid
7a7b5aaa-39a1-428c-9dcb-06a4e7c6095f

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC) (2021) Heterogeneous contributions of change in population distribution of body-mass index to change in obesity and underweight. eLife, 10, [e60060]. (doi:10.7554/eLife.60060).

Record type: Article

Abstract

From 1985 to 2016, the prevalence of underweight decreased, and that of obesity and severe obesity increased, in most regions, with significant variation in the magnitude of these changes across regions. We investigated how much change in mean body mass index (BMI) explains changes in the prevalence of underweight, obesity, and severe obesity in different regions using data from 2896 population-based studies with 187 million participants. Changes in the prevalence of underweight and total obesity, and to a lesser extent severe obesity, are largely driven by shifts in the distribution of BMI, with smaller contributions from changes in the shape of the distribution. In East and Southeast Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, the underweight tail of the BMI distribution was left behind as the distribution shifted. There is a need for policies that address all forms of malnutrition by making healthy foods accessible and affordable, while restricting unhealthy foods through fiscal and regulatory restrictions

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BMI prevalence-mean relationship 2021 02 02 NI - Accepted Manuscript
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.
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Accepted/In Press date: 7 January 2021
e-pub ahead of print date: 9 March 2021

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447738
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447738
ISSN: 2050-084X
PURE UUID: 5d18f1f9-18aa-4ebc-8d84-7a880ae8da34
ORCID for Cyrus Cooper: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-3510-0709
ORCID for Elaine Dennison: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-3048-4961
ORCID for Caroline Fall: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0003-4402-5552
ORCID for Clive Osmond: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-9054-4655

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Mar 2021 17:31
Last modified: 20 Mar 2021 02:35

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Contributors

Author: Cyrus Cooper ORCID iD
Author: Elaine Dennison ORCID iD
Author: Caroline Fall ORCID iD
Author: Clive Osmond ORCID iD
Author: Majid Ezzati
Corporate Author: NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC)

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