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Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England: The mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors

Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England: The mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors
Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England: The mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors
This study was conducted to determine whether there is an association between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and self-reported health status among older persons and how sociodemographic and socio-economic factors mediate the association between these lifestyle behaviours and health in old age. Data from wave 7 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) were analysed using bivariate and logistic regression method. Self-reported health status was assessed as a binary variable; cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption as independent variables; and age, sex, marital status, education, employment as well as financial status were assessed as covariates. Smoking had a significant inverse association with reported health status and the odds of reporting good health status versus bad health status was 59% and 38% times less for former and current smokers respectively compared with those that never smoked. However, mild alcohol consumption seemed to have a significant positive association with health status, while a negative association existed between heavy alcohol consumption and health. Sociodemographic and economic factors did not appear to mediate the effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on health status. This study provided evidence that it is important to consider interventions on smoking and heavy alcohol drinking behaviours on good health status of older adults.
Alcohol, Older adults, Self-reported health, Smoking
380-392
Atoyebi, Oladele Ademola
8c4cfa40-b6fc-451a-946c-c2668f05db42
Chepngeno-Langat, Gloria
4a386fed-03ca-4791-827a-ec7a7950530c
Xiong, Qian
b5a77380-7969-4db5-aa03-1815e545467b
Atoyebi, Oladele Ademola
8c4cfa40-b6fc-451a-946c-c2668f05db42
Chepngeno-Langat, Gloria
4a386fed-03ca-4791-827a-ec7a7950530c
Xiong, Qian
b5a77380-7969-4db5-aa03-1815e545467b

Atoyebi, Oladele Ademola, Chepngeno-Langat, Gloria and Xiong, Qian (2020) Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England: The mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors. Ageing International, 45 (4), 380-392. (doi:10.1007/s12126-020-09395-6).

Record type: Article

Abstract

This study was conducted to determine whether there is an association between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and self-reported health status among older persons and how sociodemographic and socio-economic factors mediate the association between these lifestyle behaviours and health in old age. Data from wave 7 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) were analysed using bivariate and logistic regression method. Self-reported health status was assessed as a binary variable; cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption as independent variables; and age, sex, marital status, education, employment as well as financial status were assessed as covariates. Smoking had a significant inverse association with reported health status and the odds of reporting good health status versus bad health status was 59% and 38% times less for former and current smokers respectively compared with those that never smoked. However, mild alcohol consumption seemed to have a significant positive association with health status, while a negative association existed between heavy alcohol consumption and health. Sociodemographic and economic factors did not appear to mediate the effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on health status. This study provided evidence that it is important to consider interventions on smoking and heavy alcohol drinking behaviours on good health status of older adults.

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More information

Accepted/In Press date: 18 September 2020
e-pub ahead of print date: 6 October 2020
Published date: December 2020
Keywords: Alcohol, Older adults, Self-reported health, Smoking

Identifiers

Local EPrints ID: 447777
URI: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/447777
PURE UUID: bff517b3-c88e-4734-8989-a071477e543c
ORCID for Gloria Chepngeno-Langat: ORCID iD orcid.org/0000-0002-6782-363X

Catalogue record

Date deposited: 19 Mar 2021 17:37
Last modified: 28 Apr 2022 01:56

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Contributors

Author: Oladele Ademola Atoyebi
Author: Qian Xiong

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